We are living in a world that interconnectspeople and transforming their lives in a way they will become homogeneousbeings bound in the global system. The world in which we are currently belongsdiminish the notion of national border and autonomy of some countries forachieving economic and technological progress through the complement of globalorganizations that deregulates national policies in political, economic andsocial processes. This phenomena, called globalization existed for the past twodecades indeed changed the lives of people and enriched the world scientifically and culturally, andbenefited many people economically as well that could eradicatedpoverty in the 21st century. (https://www.
economist.com/blogs/freeexchange/2013/09/economic-history-1) Globalizationas a process was facilitated by the liberalization of transborder transactionsby the dilution sovereignty and measure of the ease with which, labor, ideas,capital, technology and profits can move across borders with minimal governmentalinterference. (Khan, 2001)It is also a process co-existence in complexinter-relationships that can change the nature of social structures such as thestate and the nation but neither the state nor the nation have been replaced. (Coker,2002.)It accompanied in the way that trade, communications, and even policydecisions are carried out.
This process of increased mobility of goods,services, labor, technology, and capital throughout the world has permeated andaffected not only regional economies but domestic institutions and politics, aswell. While globalization gives rise to global cooperation, global-localtensions surface as localities adapt to economic, technological and societalchanges brought about by this process. (Klici,https://www.academia.
edu/1636060/Terrorism_and_Globalization) Globalization,in this sense is an integral part of humans’ life that is inevitable to livewithout, in particular in the progression of industrialization. But, asglobalization gets faster, the opposition increases because it intensifiedpoverty and inequality specifically in the developing countries in thepredominant Muslim West region of Asia. (Örgün, 2001)Globalization led to disparity and dissatisfaction of the deprived and the factthat only developed countries benefitted from its industrial and technologicaldevelopments. Theincreasing integration of the world and its component states is a result oftechnological innovation in terms of the increasing speed and ease and hencethe volume of global communications.
This process of integration wasinevitable. Interdependence is the rule of the modern life. The increasingfragmentation of the world is a result of the rise of the idea of nationalself-determination and the virulence of national feeling. (Osiander, 1998:417,Aksoy, 2002) Terrorism,while historically being derived from ideology, religion, nationalism and soon, has been strengthened by the lack of equality, justice and satisfaction,and by the anti-globalization all over the world. The progresses in fields ofcommunication, transportation and technology widened and intensified terrorism.(Klici, https://www.
academia.edu/1636060/Terrorism_and_Globalization) The idea of “Jihad”—localized, ethnic, andreactionary political forces (including “rogue states”) that involve anintensification of nationalism and that lead to greater political heterogeneitythroughout the world. (Ritzer, 2008) Globalization intensified terrorismdue to the increase of armed resistance using technology and the idea ofdestabilizing the state in the name of their cause (e.g. religion). An armedrebellion as seen during the Marawi Crisis also has the potential of increasinginvestor vulnerability while severely affecting human, private and publiccapital. An internal escalation of the rebellion can lead to catastrophiceffects on the financial aid received by the Philippines from the US and EU,given the concerns these entities might have with a diversion of funds todefense rather than their utilization for economic development and povertyalleviation. (Kareparambil, 2017) This paper seeks to explain therationale of globalization and terrorism and analyzed its relationship bytracking its origin through research articles and other sources.
Also, it wantsto pursue the connection to the occurrence of Maute-ISIS in the Philippinesparticularly their participation in the Marawi siege and how this armedconflict end.