We are living in a modern technology that changeour lives in different ways. The sciencefiction of 20th century will become the reality of modern generation. Those laser lights, concept of time travel and teleportation andeven robots like humans that can understand the society.
Nothing is impossible. With the help oftechnology, everything will be easy. It all started from thediscovery of electricity, invention of telephones and creation of computers. The starting era of modern society.One of the things that is still developing is ArtificialIntelligence. Artificial Intelligence is an intelligence that can beunderstood by machines. It acts like ahuman which copies the cognitivefunction of a person. It can understand, analyze and interpret data.
Theysay that this technology is not yet developed but as we can see from the news, it has grown too fast.There’s this robot named “Sophia” which became so popular last year. Why? It is just the first robot which have full citizenship in Saudi Arabia. It was created by Hanson Robotics. Sophia isconsidered to be one of the advanced robots in the field of robotics. It has deep learning platform which can recognize faces and understand human speech. This AI is one of the mainstream ideas of the modern time. It has still been developing until now.
Accordingto the latest report of the White House on AI, machines after 20 years will beable to exceed human performance. This means that it can replace people to do their jobs. One of the forms of AI is weak artificialintelligence also called as narrow AI. It focuses only on a specific task programmed to itthat can be used in medical, agricultural and industrial fields.
This technology has four types: Reactive machines, Limited Memory, Theory of Mind and Self-awareness. Reactive machines are those machinesintegrated with artificial intelligence. Most of these arebuilt with sensors and complex programs and calculations.This technology works based on what it sees. It does not have any memories of the past orhistory of what happened.
Deep Blue is a greatexample. This machine became popular because itbeat Garry Kasparov, aninternational chess grandmaster. Deep Blue isjust a program created by a combination of letters and numbers also known ascommands.
It just identifies the chess pieces and how itworks. After that, it makes predictionabout the moves that are possible to occur. Then it will decide the best movethat can be derived from the possible moves. This technology is made specifically on a particular task. Since it has a specific function,it means that it cannotperform a task beyond their function and itsonly weakness is that it can be easily fooled.Another type of Artificial Intelligence is called Limited Memory. This is mostly applied to self-driving cars. UnlikeReactive Machines, Limited Memory has the ability to look in the past.
It is necessary because it needs to learn the objects and patterns ofa situation. In self-driving cars, it must observe the velocity of different carsand even road curves. These things are added to the programof self-driving cars for the car todecide when and where it will turn and to avoid accidents. But these pieces of information are transient.
It is not stored in the memorystorage of the car where it can learnthe different mechanics of driving. Accordingto experts, creating AI systems that can remember past experiences aredifficult to build. That’s why there are many researchesabout this kind of field.The concept of Theory of Mind divides the machines that werealready built and the machines that are still in the minds of people. This might occur in the next generation because ourtechnology is not yet developed and this idea is still inprogress. In psychology, the concept of “theory ofmind” is the understanding that humans, creatures and objects have their own emotions and feelings that can change theirbehavior. An example of this technologyis the robots we saw on different movies.
Robots that have their own thoughts, feelings andemotions and have the ability to reason and analyze. These robots even interact with people. Some ofthese are made to do other peoples’ job.Self-awareness is the last type of AI technology. AI researchers aim to create machinesthat does not only understand emotions and consciousnessbut to build machines that have it.
A perfect example is Chappiefrom the movie “Chappie”. Chappie isa robot that was created and programmed originally to protectpeople just like police. But there’s a scientist whomodified this robot and called it Chappie.
Chappie contains artificialintelligence in which it can learn based from what people do. From the start, Chappie acts like a baby who doesnot know everything. But as time goesby, Chappie learns many things.
It has the ability to collect information, analyzeand interpret the data. It does haveemotions and feelings. Chappie was able to pass theconsciousness of a human and transferred it to a robot. But this is too far beyond from our existing technology. Being aware means, you are able to feelanything and predict someone’s feeling.
This Self-awareness is an extension of Type 3 Artificial Intelligence which isthe Theory of Mind. But to achieve this kind oftechnology, we must be able to create first a technology that will utilizepast experiences to create decisions. Advancement of technologyterrified us. Many of us are wondering what will the futurelook like. Is it the future that is surrounded by flyingcars, automated transportation and talking robots? This is not impossible to happen.
Even living on Mars is possible to occur in the future. It will only take a matter of time. Everything takes time.
We just only need to beaware of everything because there are new things every day.