Urticaria which is also known as Hives which are red, itchy and raised welts that appear on the skin. These are different in shapes, sizes and does not characteristically lasts no longer than 6 to 12 hours. The cause of hives can be of many reasons as it is fairly common. The most prominent feature of hives is that keeps moving around, disappearing, reappearing often in a span of some hours. It often flares up suddenly. Direct physical stimulations by environmental forces such as cold, heat and sunlight are often the culprits for Urticaria or Hives to appear on the body. The treatment of the problem is directed at symptoms relief till the condition vanishes on its own. It is said that Antihistamines are the most common treatment for hives. And the ones who are suffering from it, let me tell you that it is not a long-term or a serious complication. Before we discuss the ways to tackle the problem, we should know more about its causes, symptoms and types. This help you in building an idea about the whole scenario and give you a balanced judgement.
Researches estimate that 20% of all the people will sometime in their lives will develop the problem of Hives. It is more common in women than in men. As mentioned, the prominent feature of the problem is the tendency to change size quickly, move around the body in just a matter of hours. A full-blown outbreak of hives that seems alarming in the morning can completely be gone by the noon and back later by the evening. Such is the irregularity of Urticaria. An individual hives does not generally last longer than 24 hours. There are not many skin diseases that occur and resolve so easily which means that even if you no evidence to show the surge of hives to the doctor, the diagnosis can be made on the basis of accurate counting of the symptoms and signs. So, it would be a great idea if you carry a picture of the outbreak if you visit the doctor.
There is one more variation that is called Angioedema that is a swelling deeper in the skin. The swelling of the hands, feet, face can be very dramatic. To know how to treat hives, then you have reached the right place.
So, let’s discuss the question, is this a cause for concern?
It is a rash on the body which are often associated with allergic reactions, they can be triggered by the following reasons.
· Insect bites or stings
· Cold temperatures
· And other underlying conditions
Chronic Urticaria also involves the following causes
· Long term infections
· Autoimmune disorders
· Hormone conditions
· Even conditions like chronic urticaria like hepatitis, thyroid conditions and intestinal parasites
It is imperative to identify and understand the cause of the rash. Once it is identified then further contact from the source can be maintained which would lessen the probability of its occurrence.
There are some food additives and preservatives present in the food which may also cause a reaction of hives. And these food items are as follows: –
· Fresh berries
There are even some of the medications which can trigger acute urticaria and those are as follows
· Ibuprofen, aspirin and other NSAIDS painkillers
· Medications that deal with high blood pressure
· Opioid painkillers such as hydrocodone
Some of the triggers include
· Warm temperature
· Alcohol or caffeine
· Pressure on skin
Types of Hives
Let us see what are the different types of hives that affect people and which one have you developed?
Hives fall into two categories which are based on their time duration. These are as follows
1. Acute Urticaria which are also known as ordinary hives and resolves within six to eight weeks.
2. The second one is called Chronic Urticaria which lasts longer than six to eight weeks.
Types of Hives based on triggers
1. Physical urticaria: it is the condition where the skin is affected by physical aspects like cold, heat, sun exposure, vibration, sweating and exercise. The hives will develop in the areas only which is affected.
2. Dermatographic urticaria: its is caused due to scratching or stroking of the skin.
3. Solar urticaria: it is a rare form of hives caused by sun exposure.
4. Urticaria Pigmentosa: this type mostly affects children and causes distinctive brown or markings/ red swellings
5. Cholinergic urticaria: this is triggered by having baths, increased temperature, stress, and exercise.
6. Autoimmune urticaria: these are hives linked to an autoimmune condition like lupus or rheumatoid arthritis.
7. Urticaria Vasculitis: this is when the small blood vessels under the skin gets inflamed.
8. Idiopathic urticaria: for this, there are no obvious cause but can be triggered by stressed.
What is the cause behind Chronic Hives?
Chronic hives lasts from months to years and the evaluation of the disease is difficult. Allergy testing and other laboratory tests are occasionally helpful in terms of treating the problem. Heat hives which comes under Physical Urticaria is a type of chronic urticaria caused by physical stimuli. Common environmental factors like sunlight, water, cold, exercise, pressure, and heat. Dermographism which translates to “skin writing” which is a common cause of physical urticaria. It is an exaggerated form resulting from anyone writing on their skins (scratched or rubbed). A red welt pops up with adjacent flare or even where the skin is scratched or rubbed against causing mast cells to leak histamine.
Cholinergic urticaria is another form of physically induced hives that produces hundreds of small, itchy bumps. These are produced within 15 minutes of physical exertion and disappear before the doctor gets a chance examine them. It is more common in young people.
Now the question of the hour arrives and that is how to get rid of Sun hives in 10 simple ways?
Sun hives or Solar Urticaria that is a type of chronic hives, is directly caused by sunlight exposure. People who suffer from it develop red and itchy rashes on any area of skin which is exposed to sunlight even if the person is wearing sun tan. The recommended treatment for Sun hives is OxyHives. It is not different than any other type of hives except that it majorly affects the skin areas which is exposed to sunlight or frequent sunlight. It does not spread from an area which is exposed to other areas which stays covered.
1. Try applying a cool and wet compress
Temporary relief can be achieved from itching by applying a cool and wet compress to the affected area. This treatment will aid in soothing the skin and act as a coolant.
2. You can even take a bath supplemented with an anti-itch solution
Several products can be added to the bath to relieve the person from itching that includes oatmeal or one or two handfuls of baking soda.
3. Avoid any or all contact with products that may irritate the skin
There are certain soaps that may deem to cause the skin more harm than benefit. It makes the skin dry and prone to itching which might lead to hives. Make sure that you use a product that suits your skin type or is marketed for sensitive skin, sans fragrance and other irritating chemicals. It would be wise, if you avoid using irritating moisturizers or lotions. If you are without any clue as to which one should you opt then go for a formula that is targeted for sensitive skin type. Applying it on the affected area will instantly provide relief and comfort. It will also lessen itching.
4. Keeping things cool is another treatment for sun hives
It is an obvious fact that heat aggravates itching. So, avoid the problem from getting worse, you can try wearing lightweight clothing and even regulating the temperature of the house to a cool and comfortable one. And by all means, avoid sitting under direct sunlight.
5. When it comes to natural remedies, then Witch hazel is your answer as the natural tannins found in the herb which relieves the irritation. To make your own solution what you can do is take 5 to 10 grams of witch hazel bark and add it in a cup of water. Mash the bark, pour the mixture in a pot, bring it to boiling and remove it from the heat. After that is done, you will be required to strain the mixture and let it cool before you apply it. This procedure can be applied to the skin in a form of as man a few times each day especially to the affected areas. The maximum time it should be allowed to sit on the areas should be 20 minutes.
Witch Hazel can be purchased from any local store or any e-commerce website.
6. There is a plant which is well known for its healing properties, Aloe Vera is a natural anti-inflammatory natural remedy, it may lead to contact dermatitis, so it would be wise to perform a skin patch test before application. Tropical aloe vera can also be applied to the affected area to cure sun hives.
7. Calamine Lotion
Anti-stringent like calamine lotion helps to shrink the blood vessels near the welts that have cropped up. This will stop histamine to leak. Calamine will not reverse the problem but it will surely stop the problem from getting worse.
8. The welts can be dabbed with Pepto Bismol or Milk of Magnesia
If you can’t find any witch hazel or calamine lotion then you can even try Pepto Bismol or Milk of Magnesia. Both of these agents can help in reducing the itching to some extent as they are both alkaline in nature.
9. It can also be treated by applying a thin layer of vinegar and water
Mix a tablespoon of vinegar to 2 tablespoons of cool water. You should be careful as to use a cotton ball, when applying it to your hives. This method of treatment will not make the hives go away but it will surely reduce the feeling of itchiness by a lot.
10. Cut down stress from your life
Studies states that 83% of hives cases are due to excessive stress. Cutting down on stress will largely cut down the chances of developing hives in the future. There will be lesser outbreaks.
We hope that this article was helpful for you. Before applying any of the mentioned treatment methods, make sure that you are not allergic to it and will not harm your condition in any way possible. If you are under 18, first take permission from an adult and perform the procedure in adult supervision. The condition will surely fade away soon. We hope that you get free from your ailment!