Unlike the first two sections, King reveals much more of the fire and passion that lies behind his mission. He still maintains the restraint that he had in the previous sections, but it is now coupled with an emotional tone. The passion is more distinct in the litany of abuses that blacks have suffered which he presents with logos and pathos.
The examples that he lists are powerful and terribly tragic. He shifts from a broad example about how many African Americans live in poverty even though they are part of a prosperous society to an example of his daughter which is more personal.Jason: King’s focus on the interrelatedness of men is even more pronounced in this section. With this new section, a new philosophy is present in this part that is connected to its more pronounced use of emotional appeal. The boundary that separated his fiery diction from his logical approaches breaks down in this section. This suggests the philosophy that legal and moral worlds are no separate from each other. In order for mankind to reach a higher state, legality and morality must intersect.
Which is why, politicians must be aware of moral concerns and moral leaders like the clergymen must interfere in legal concerns. It can’t be one or the other if the goal of the whole ordeal is justice.Viphu: Well, the section is more of the distinction between individuals and groups.
King greatly believes in the individual’s ability to go above the prejudices and groups that surround the individual. One thing that he notes is that groups tend to be more immoral than individuals which is a direct attack on white society because it indicates to the clergymen that they are naive to believe that their personal goodwill can have an effect on bettering society. Furthermore, he argues against moderation which he expresses as a type of gradualism. He proves that the voice that cries “Wait!” to mean “Never” with his logical argument that is ground in a historical understanding. TTS: Great job! Since you guy are done with this section, we can go on to the next one. Section four is paragraph 12 to paragraph 18. It starts off at You express a great deal of anxiety over our willingness to break laws and ends off at If today I lived in a Communist country where certain principles dear to the Christian faith are suppressed, I would openly advocate disobeying that country’s anti-religious laws.
I guess Auden will start us off again with this one.Jason: King primarily uses this section to defend civil disobedience. He first distinguishes civil disobedience from anarchy and he argues this by stating that he does not break the law for himself, but for his fellow man. Because he believes that everyone is interconnected, he is compelled to break an unjust law and suffer the penalty so that he can dramatize and illustrate its harmful effect.
He then proceeds to defend civil disobedience with historical examples that range from secular to deeply religious. The examples challenges the clergymen to attack him for practicing his civil disobedience.