Undoubtedly, location outside the community of origin.* As Britain

Undoubtedly,
the most important reason of urban growth is increase in urban population.
Rapid growth of urban areas is the result either of natural increase in
population, and/ or migration to urban areas. Natural population growth is a
result of excessive births over deaths. On the one hand, migration can be
defined as the long-term relocation of an individual, household or group to a
new location outside the community of origin.* As Britain progressed from being
just a centre of “worldwide commerce” to embrace a “centre of manufacturing
industry”, the progress of the textile industry and the utilisation of steam
power meant that employment was to be found in central locations and thus people gathered in
factories. Given that Britain’s demographic
explosion in this century was at the same century that England
experienced the first industrial revolution, the two are tied closely together.
However, studies have ruled out migration from the countryside as the main factor.
The growth didn’t occur from large numbers of foreign workers arriving but
instead it was caused by internal factors, such as changes in marriage patterns,
improvements in health allowing more children to live, and an increase in
births.

Peter
Mathias in an attempt to find out how and why numbers rose he points out that
after mid 18th century fertility had twice the effect of falling
mortality. The average age of people marrying for the first time fell, as did
the numbers of people never marrying, which meant more opportunity for
children, and more children. This was partly possible because British people
had previously had a relatively late age of marriage compared to the continent,
and a large number of people never did at all. Nuptuality, overall health
improvements and a better diet from improved food production and higher wages
resulted in better health of mothers and the curtailment of deaths of women in
the reproductive age groups induced higher birth rates. Economical and social
conditions influenced marriage patterns. The expansion of employment in
manufacturing and trading regions offered higher real term wages, allowing
people to comfortably start families, and as the population moved, more people
came into contact with each other, increasing the chances of matches, and
settling down. *

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Over
the last 60 years the world experienced the most intensive expansion in urban
populations in many Less Developed Countries. People across rural regions of
Asia and Latin America flocked to cities where they transformed the ecology and
culture of modest-sized cities, establishing bustling and sprawling urban
centres that later became beacons for rural migrants. * Over the last decades
improved health care services, mass-immunization programs, access to cheap
medicines, and diffusion of basic knowledge about personal hygiene and sexually
transmitted diseases led to sharp reduction in mortality. Those interventions
reduced infectious and parasitic diseases that used to thrive in densely
populated urban settlements in the past and determined to a large amount urban
population growth. *

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