This sectionprovides different theoretical assumptions based on several cited referencesthat serve as the basic fundamental basis on developing this study. One major issue that students arecurrently facing and experiencing is little or no improvement with Manila’straffic congestion and location of their school from their home that leads themto encounter a shortage from transport cost. Despite the government’s attemptsto rehabilitate the traffic system and fare hike, proposed projects are stillfailing to effectively decongest the traffic. Several references cited properlywill be the structure throughout developing the study. Location theory Feinberg (2005)explained the location theory that established by Johann Heinrich Von Thunen(1783- 1850). It is a theory based on balancing land costs and transport costsof those people located in cities and farms. Its sole purpose is to ensure thatperishable products will reach the market place timely and at a lower transportcost.
Schools in cities are designed so that students can quickly accesstransport to avoid poor attendance caused by transport problems as well ascost. According to Weber’s theory of industrial location, the totaltransportation costs will be lower when production site located near themarket. He tried to determine the total costs of transporting raw material fromboth sites to the production site and product from the production site to themarket. The production site (school), therefore, will be located near the rawmaterial (students) sources for a least transport cost (EncyclopediaBritannica, 2014). Nayati (2008) on locating school bus routes contended thatall human beings have a natural tendency of selecting the shortest or thefastest path to go from one place to another.
Similarly, transporters as wellas travelers both prefer short and faster routes to cut operating cost andtransportation expenses respectively. Sunday and Olatunde (2011) in Ekiti Statein Nigeria, applied location theory to examine relationship between populationdensity and distribution of secondary schools by Local Government Area; theyfound that there were imbalances in the distribution of education facilities.So the theory can help to balance population and social services. Some studentsin cities want to consume education but transport problems includingtransportation cost affect where education produced as the result; educationbecomes expensive commodity for the mass to get it. Poor transport mayaccelerate lowly student attendance and absenteeism which are the first signsof worsening of school and the quality of its education. Thus, it is crucial tothe government to do all it can to promote good school attendance habits amongits students. Appropriate transport for students to and from schools should beessential precondition for the effective educational system. Through regularschool attendance and punctuality students can progress academically hence tolead quality education.
These geographical theories will adequately inform thisstudy. Moreover, a modelproposed in 1984 by Lazarus and Folkman entitled “Theory of CognitiveAppraisal” explained that the mental process which influence of thestressors. Lazarus stated that cognitive appraisal has two major factors whenresponding to a stress and under this two major factor is the primaryAppraisal. This Primary appraisal is to categorize whether the stressor or thesituation (like traffic) is a threat or a challenge. This factor states thatwhen a person see the stressor (traffic) as a threat, the person will view itas something that will cause future harm, such as failure in exams or gettingfired from job but when people look at it as a challenge, this person willcultivate a positive stress response because the person will expect thestressor to lead you to a higher class ranking, or a better employment.