This essay talks about from the 1790s up to now there have been four great waves of immigrants to the United States, immigrants from countries around the world, for a variety of reasons. They differ from language, race, religion, culture. Immigrants have brought benefits and disadvantages to the United States. Immigrants have had a hard time migrating to the United States, leaving everything in their hometown to find a new opportunity for the future. This essay describes what has happened in the waves, in every wave of immigration, impetus, and pain of immigrants. Once we understand the meaning of this essay, people will understand what immigrants experience when they immigrate to the United States. The story of the immigrants is a new improvement for the United States. Present to 1790, the migration of European people beginnings. From the earliest settlements in Jamestown and Plymouth, the United States increased the population of immigrants, from 250,000 in 1700 to 2.5 million in 1775. The first immigrants to the United States were mostly Europeans and countless black people from Africa and the Caribbean, and from the Middle East, the Mediterranean, Southern and Eastern Europe, and down from Canada. is people are not paid for four to seven years in exchange for a one-way train to reach the colonies, promised land. The immigrants who had to cross the Great Western, to 2 up to three months on the boat with seasickness, lack of food, and illnesses. But they persist and attracts them, they don’t care about their lives in search of a land of political and religious freedom, and land is available, which attracts them and perseveres them. Internal migration occurred in 1890, when the US Census Bureau declared border closures. Then a new empty land appeared in the west, so the American origin had migrated internally to the south. Migrants tend to seek economic and land opportunities. Post-group migrants are linked by kinship, closer to the community, and religious and cultural beliefs. By 1900, there was an internal migration from the south of the African-Americans, and the reason for their migration was racism, and the main reason was the lack of economic opportunity. black has migrated to the north. The North is the workplace of opportunity. When it came to the North, black people were willing to accept all the work that white people did not want. In 1960, Americans emigrated south and west to a strip of countries called the Sun Belt, because of the warmer climate and lower cost of living, and better life. The first wave of Us immigration is seen as the smallest of the four major waves. In 1790-1820 years since the American War won independence, the United States became a refuge for people who love freedom and religion from every corner of Europe. The population of the United States increased to 9.6 million in the population survey in 1820. The first immigrants were mainly Protestants from the Northwest. Because of the economic situation in Europe, they come to the United States for a variety of reasons, because they want to find opportunities to improve their fortunes, to make money and to work to improve the economy. They want to come here because Americans have more rights than ordinary Europeans in this period. And the wars caused other refugees to flee to the United States. And finally, they want freedom of religion. These are the reasons for those who migrated to the United States in the first wave. The second wave between 1830 and 1890, immigrants from the United States were Asian, Chinese, but most of them were Irish and their counterparts were to the United States. Those who migrated to the United States suffered from hunger on the boat during their migration to the United States. but they still try to endure because their dreams, economics, and famine. Alien Catholics The largest immigrant group in the village is the second oldest. They migrated because they were rejected by the government and they were not allowed religious freedom, but the main reason for their migration was because of the Potato Famine of 1847. The next largest migrants were the Germans. They left their homeland after the defeat of the democratic revolutionary war and in 1848 they sought economic opportunity. The economic and social revolution that led to the migration of immigrants from the United States to the United States. The second wave ended in 1880 In the third wave, there are about 22.3 million immigrants in the United States. In 1880, there were 87% of immigrants coming from the North West (British, German and Scandinavian). In 1900, more than 80% were from South and Eastern Europe (Italy, Russia, Austria-Hungary). Immigrants from the east coast are often Europeans. And immigrants from the west coast migrated to the Angel Island Immigration Station in San Francisco Bay. In the third wave, the migrants usually travel with their families, but the men are the first or the last. Migrants to look for work. Most poor immigrants will have an empty area beneath them without a cabin. They have to sleep on metal beds and are often seasick. Migrants from their hometowns are at a loss due to lack of jobs and food, the scarcity of agricultural land available, and the agricultural mechanisms that drive farmers out of the land. and the end of the region was due to religious persecution of Russian Jews who fled their villages after the massacres. And the attraction of immigrants to America is that they are free to have democracy, religious freedom, available land and economic opportunity. These new immigrants helped to build new railways and take jobs in steel mills. Due to the exclusion of China, many have turned away. This law has greatly affected immigrants from China. They are limited to migration. And it only allows teachers, students, diplomats and immigrants to come to the United States. Most Chinese churches are still “celibate”. Seventy percent of migrants in the third wave came to the New York port, to the Castle Garden state immigration center, so the immigrant population was so large that the center was overwhelmed by immigrants. So the state set the policy of building Ellis Island’s first immigrant center, from the third wave of 1898 to 1924. Ellis was the main gateway to immigration into the United States. On Ellis Island immigrants waited to keep their belongings, waiting for papers proving they had the right to immigrate to the free country. They have to undergo a series of medical and psychological tests to prove they deserve. Groups that were greeted in the United States during this period were Mexico, Jews, Easterners, Russians. As many American thinkers traditionally feel that immigrants are very politically dangerous, and many cities are developing a new culture that is bad, foreign attitudes have changed over time WW1. In 1954 Ellis Island was closed down and abandoned. In the 1960s they were subjected to discrimination on housing and employment, so riots broke out in the northern cities after World War I and in 1960. As a result of migration Inside the poorest districts in the city have developed into dangerous slums and have little chance of changing lives. In the 1960s, black men of all skill levels took advantage of the revolutionary approach to climbing the ladder of success, and created a middle-class American class. Between 1930 and 1965, many immigrants in the fourth wave returned to their hometowns. Most of the immigrants are Mexican, the reason they migrated to the United States was due to war, religious misery and refugees continuing in WWII. In the fourth wave, immigrants bring in ethnic and religious diversity. As a result, the number of white people has dropped from 85% to 60%, religious diversity, Muslims, and Buddhists. In 1924, the number of immigrants dropped dramatically. In 1965, President Lyndon Johnson enacted the Immigration and Nationality Act, which resulted in an increase in the population of 300,000 immigrants, now up to one million per year. The abolishment of Western’s priority brick system, replaced by hope for immigrants from all over the world. In the fourth wave, there are illegal immigrants, mostly poor workers who want to change their lives. There are many immigrants who pass a temporary legal visa, but after the expiration of their visa they have not returned home, there are others who have crossed the border from Mexico. In 1986 under the Immigration Reform Act, the government had pardoned more than 3 million people, resulting in too many early immigrants entering the United States in 1990 which resulted in a one-time anti-immigration resurrection. again In the fourth wave, the vast majority of immigrants came from mainland Asia, the Philippines, Mexico, Central America. In the meantime, the government has adopted the Brain Drain policy, a priority for doctors, nurses, scientists and high-tech professionals. Women are the first to lead in a chain of migration. They work hard to save money to send family members to settle in the United States. The IRCA blocks illegal immigrants and pays illegal immigrants in the United States, successfully merging more than 2 million illegal migrants. But due to counterfeit IDs and inadequate funds for immigration and naturalization services for workplace inspections, the IRCA has not prevented employers from hiring illegal immigrants cheaper than citizens or legal immigrants in the United States. As a result, the number of illegal immigrants has soared to 11 million in the past 20 years. In 2000, the number of unemployed in the United States increased, combined with an increase in the number of immigrants, created a backlash against immigrants. The Republican Congress has decided to increase border security, they have built billions of dollars on the Mexican border, resulting in expulsion and the breakup of employers hiring illegal immigrants. This measure has worked in the fourth wave, the government has dealt with illegal immigrants, and this measure has been implemented by the government to this day. The role of immigrants has played a huge role in bolstering the US economy. Immigrants brought a new change to America, bringing with it language and religion. Every thing wave has a different event and immigrant. In the first wave of immigrants mainly European, the reason they migrated was because they wanted freedom, religion, economic improvement and refugees after the war. The second wave of immigrants in Asia, they experienced the hardships of sitting on a boat to immigrate to the United States. The biggest reason for this wave was due to the famine of potatoes in 1847. The next migrant was the Germans who were mainly searching for opportunities and for failing after the war. The third wave came up with a law that eliminated China, so many people turned away and returned home. In this wave of immigrants to the port of New York, so because of the immense population, the state has decided to build an immigration center. In 1898 Ellis Island was the official center-type doorway for immigrants to enter the United States. In the fourth wave, immigrants carry racial and religious diversity. As a result, the number of whites has dropped from 85% to 60%, religious diversity, Muslims and Buddhists. In 1965, President Lyndon Johnson enacted the Immigration and Nationality Act, which resulted in an increase in the population of 300,000 immigrants, now up to a million people per year. The abolishment of the Western priority brick system, replaced by hope for immigrants from around the world. In this wave of illegal immigrants, the state created the IRCA to prevent illegal immigrants. But the IRCA has failed, causing the number of illegal people to skyrocket. The Republican Congress has decided to increase border security, they have built billions of dollars on the Mexican border, resulting in expulsion and the breakdown of employers hiring illegal immigrants. As a consequence, the number of illegal immigrants has fallen sharply, so this measure is still being used by Trump today.