TheCode of Hammurabi is a set of laws proclaimed by Babylon King Hammurabi duringhis ruling from 1792 BC to 1750 BC. Hammurabi’s Code was a set revision of theearlier codes such as the Akkadian and Sumerian codes. “An eye for an eye, and a tooth fora tooth.
” This is a paraphrase from the Hammurabi’s Code, a set of codes thatconsist of 282 different laws inscribed on a stone pillar. When King Hammurabibegan to cease more city-states and his empire started to expand, he realizedthat he needed a set of universal laws to control the various groups of people.He set forth a mission for his legal experts to gather up all the existing lawsso that they can review and modify, as well as eliminate laws.
The Hammurabi’s Code consist of manysevere, gruesome punishments. Many of the crimes lead to different deathpenalties. For instant, if a son and his mother were caught committing incest,then they shall be burned to death. Even if you were a minor, you will face thesame death penalty as someone older. An example of that would be if a sonabused his father, he shall have his hands cut off. Even though many people viewHammurabi’s Code as harsh, it kept his empire in line even after his reign. Thecode deals with assaults within people different social status.
For instant, ifa man broke a nobleman’s bones, the culprit’s bones would be broken. If the manbroke a commoner’s bones, he must pay one mina of silver. If the man broke aslave’s bones, he must pay half the value of the slave. Another instance iswhen a doctor performed a surgical operation and the patient is killed. The commonpunishment for such accident is getting his hands cut off. During King Hammurabi’s ruling, a manhad greater power over woman, and the women needed protection from the men. Withinthe Hammurabi’s Code, it gave women justice and rights. For instant, a man cannotdivorce his wife is she had children with him.
Even if the spouse wanted toleave his wife when she is sick with a disease and remarry, the laws protecther from those injustices. The spouse can have multiple wives, but he cannot leaveany. Even though it appears women were completely protected from men, that’snot completely true. For instant, if a woman was accused of cheating but there’sno evident, then she still must leap into the river in place of her husband. There is a phrase, “go jump in ariver,” referring to jumping into the Euphrates River, where the accused mustjump into the river to prove whether they are guilty or innocent. If the accusedreturn after jumping, he or she is innocent; however, if the accused do notreturn, he or she is deemed guilty of that accusation.
The Babylonians believedthat their fates were in the hands of their gods.