The central theme of V for Vendetta is how anarchy promotes freedom. The author, Alan Moore, describes V as an anarchist who believes that governmental authority infringes on human freedom. The plot of the graphic novel reflects Moore’s commitment to freedom. The graphic novel protagonist is presented as an anarchist freedom fighter that uses elaborate terrorist acts in attempts of igniting a revolution.
V’s motivation is driven by terrors of his past, during which he was imprisoned and tortured by those he fights against. His freedom has been deprived. Risen under a new persona, the target of his terror is limited to those who operate through their own type of terror. V wants to force socio-political change in a dystopian society. The focus of his terroristic activity is the freedom of the population and the overthrow of a government. In V’s world, the government has chosen to operate with its own form of terrorism which benefits nobody but themselves. It’s clear from the start that the Norsefire government is guilty of restricting human freedom: they forbid people from proper education, throw them in jail because of their sexual orientation or skin color, even their radio broadcasting system is called the “Voice of Fate”; after all, Fate is the opposite of freedom. It is really clear what can happen when society is ruled by the government, rather than the government being run as a voice of the people.
Alan Moore demonstrates that such things are prone to happening if the leaders stop listening to their people.Over the course of V for Vendetta, it becomes increasingly clear that Moore favors the model that suggests that freedom isn’t just a matter of doing what you want, it also involves freeing oneself from ignorance, weakness, etc. In order to reach this level of freedom, one needs education, discipline and hard work. According to Moore’s novel, people need to free themselves from the prisons of their governments, but also the prisons of their own minds. This explains why V tortures Evey for weeks; he wants to free her from the weakness of her own desire for happiness.
London is still in a state of chaos, at the end of V for Vendetta. Moore suggests that without education and training, freedom is nothing but violence and anarchy. This raises many questions that Moore doesn’t try to answer in order to leave the readers free to make up their own minds.Since the beginning of V for Vendetta, Alan Moore shows us the enormous power that symbols have over a society. V wears a Guy Fawkes mask, and draws “V” symbols almost wherever he goes.
He blows up the Houses of Parliament, the symbol of the strength and power of the government. V for Vendetta is a fight between two sets of symbols: the austere, Fascist symbols of the Norsefire government, and the anarchic, more anonymous symbols of V.