The purpose of thisreport is to find out the prevalence of insomnia among college students. Itcreates an understanding of insomnia as well as its causes. It explains thedifferent types of insomnia found amongst students as well as the possibleavailable solutions.
With an understanding of this, it is possible tounderstand the sleeping problems faced by students these days as well as thetreatments or solutions available for them.It is important to identifythe medical and psychological causes before deciding on the treatment forinsomnia. It depends on the type of sleep problem you have. Treatment ofinsomnia can be done by two methods which are medication based andnon-medication based. Cognitive behavioral therapy has been found to be aseffective as medications for the short-term treatment of chronic insomnia.
Thebeneficial effects, in contrast to those produced by medications, may last wellbeyond the stopping of therapy. Medications have been used mainly to reducesymptoms in insomnia of short duration; their role in the management of chronicinsomnia remains unclear. There are several different types of ways which areused for treating insomnia. Many professionals do not recommend use ofmedication like sleeping pills for treating insomnia. Doctors and psychiatristslay more emphasis on treating the root of the problem causing insomnia likestress, anxiety, depression and work load.
College students whoare affected by insomnia mostly do not achieve high academic performance andmay even risk failure. This can affect the whole present and future of astudent which they may regret their whole life. Students may not be aware ofthe fact that their unhealthy sleeping habits may be cause of their poorperformance in college as students are sleep deprived and may feel drowsinessin the morning. Many think insomnia is the symptom of other mental disorderslike anxiety and depression. Depression is now common among college students.Insomnia can increase clinical depression. Improving sleeping patterns andaddressing insomnia can increase the chances of improving depressive symptoms.
An article published in the BBC News (“Insomnia damages relationships”, 2011)stressed that the lack of sleep needs to be treated as a major health issue. Insomnia among Collegestudents can be caused by several factors which include unhealthy eatinghabits, intake of excessive caffeine, sleeping habits, use of cellphones,laptops or any kinds of screens, stress, and lack of physical activity in theirdaily lives. Insomnia can be classified into two types primary and secondary. Primaryinsomnia occurs if an individual has problems sleeping which is not caused bysome health condition or some problem. The secondary insomnia occurs when anindividual has sleeping problems because of other reasons such a healthcondition like some kind of disease or taking some form of medication.
Insomnia is a sleepdisorder which causes difficulty in falling asleep or staying asleep. Having agood night sleep is an important part of all our lives it allows our body andmind to rest and our body to reenergize. Without getting proper sleep we getfatigued, and our body and mind becomes stressed, thereby, not allowing us tofunction as optimally as we need it to. It causes a depressed mood,irritability and low energy. Waking up tired and not being able to sleep atnight are general complaints found among College students. Students suffering from insomnia may have oneor more of these symptoms difficulty in falling asleep, waking up too early inthe morning, feeling tired after waking up, waking up during the night andhaving trouble going back to sleep.