The most aggressive tropical storm named Cyclone Gonu noted in June 2007 in the Gulf of Oman and on the Iranian coast. It had not a usual pathway in the Indian Ocean.
Gonu is the only category 5 tropical storm to have been recorded in the north western Indian Ocean, with maximum wind speed of 142 knots (263 km/h) (Knapp et al., 2010). On the Iranian coast, maximum wind speed of 31 knots (58 km/h) and significant wave height of ~4.5 m were recorded off Chabahar port (depth of 30 m) during Gonu (Golshani and Taebi, 2008; Dibajnia et al.
, 2010). Gonu caused heavy damage and some loss of life on the coast of Oman and Iran. Efforts to be made:Ø In order to address the challenges related to Ocean and coastal line Government of Pakistan established National Institute of Oceanography in 1981 in Karachi under the department of Ministry of Science and Technology. To cover the coastal line of Balochistan NIO also has a research station near to Gwadar coast.
In a very less term of its existence NIO has made great efforts in limited resources. It has started, conducted and completed a number of projects that lies in the domain of ocean research and has effectively responded to a wide variety of user’s requirements that is marine industry and national institutions involved in the field of marine research.Ø WWF-Pakistan since 2011 has promoted rehabilitation of its degraded mangrove forests, aiming to minimise sea encroachment.
Also provided mangrove seeds and saplings to local communities to plant in the coastal areas of Pakistan.Ø Besides providing a buffer against floods and coastal erosion, mangroves offer a habitat for fish, oysters, shrimps and crabs. The villagers can benefit by selling the crustaceans in the mega-city of Karachi.Ø International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) launched awareness and training workshop on 2nd March 2017 for the local communities residing near Karachi’s Port Qasim Areato realized them to the importance of mangroves as an ecosystem critical to community livelihoods.
The workshop was organised as part of a coastal project on mangroves conservation being jointly implemented by IUCN and Engro Foundation, titled “Mangroves Conservation and Rehabilitation in Port Qasim Area.” A two-year project aimed at to involve local communities in the conservation and sustainable management of Pakistan’s precious mangrove forests by highlighting their direct link with fish yield. An area of 500 hectares allocated for mangrove forest.