The article that I foundinteresting was the “Med School Study Deemed Unethical.” This study was conductedin 2004 to 2009 and included 23 medical centers and 1,300 premature infants (Marathe, 2013). In this study premature infantswere grouped into two groups with one group receiving too much oxygen and theother group receiving too little oxygen. The parents of these infants were toldto sign a consent form, but was not told the whole extent of the experimentincluding the dangers of this experiment. The results of this unethical practiceled to many people to complain and contact the OHRP (Office for Human ResearchProtections) and HRG (Health Research Group) to send a letter to get the NIHand the Medical Students and professionals to personally apologize to theparents of the premature infants that were studied (Wolfe, 2013). The areasthat made this experiment unethical was giving the parents a consent form thatdid not go into detail of what the experiment was about. The other unethicalproblem in this experiment was that the experimenters provided faulty pulseoximeters to read a normal reading in the premature infants even though theiroxygen saturation was higher or lower.
This faulty equipment could have led toinfants being intubated prematurely or the infants receiving even more oxygencausing an even bigger risk for the infant to have brain damage or die.In this experiment, most of theinfants died before discharge and many had severe retinopathy or some otherdisability. One article states that one of the parent’s involved in this studynow has to live with his daughter having Cerebral Palsy due to the study, hestates “If I would have knew all of this information before then I wouldn’thave placed my daughter in this study” (Allen, 2013).
This study affected thepopulation (community) greatly because the babies that suffered from severeretinopathy or some other type of disability became dependent on some type ofgovernment disability program when if they wouldn’t have been in the study thenthey wouldn’t have to be dependent on these programs and could have lived ahealthy life. In response to this unethical situation, the OHRP and HRG wroteto the NIH and the medical professionals in the study to apologize to theparents that they lied to, but the at this time they still have not apologized.If the student nurse shoulddiscover something similar to this unethical practice being conducted inresearch they should try their best to stop it or report it to an ethics committee.In the articles discussed before it states that a citizen reported thisunethical practice and was able to get someone to do something about this study.Since this study, there has been one other study that compared to this one andalso raised controversy. The main thing that the student nurse can do is try tostop this study or at least inform the parents involved of what to expect. References:Allen, A. (2013, August 30).
U.S. Weighs Informed ConsentRules in Wake of Infant Study Controversy. Retrieved January 17, 2018, from http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2013/08/us-weighs-informed-consent-rules-wake-infant-study-controversyMarathe, P. (2013, April 20).
Med School study deemed unethical. Retrieved January 17, 2018, from https://yaledailynews.com/blog/2013/04/20/med-school-study-deemed-unethical/Target Ranges of OxygenSaturation in Extremely Preterm Infants. (2010, May 27).
Retrieved January 17,2018, from http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa0911781#t=articleWolfe, S. M., M.D. (2013, June).
Public Citizen: Oxygen Experiment on Premature Babies Is Highly Unethical. Public Citizen Health Letter,29(06), 1, 4-5, and 7.