The cause, progression and treatment of cancer are all equally researched fields within which answers have become paramount for medical associations and the general public. Current treatments revolve around controlling the cancer and preventing it from worsening. There is minimal knowledge, hence a low possibility of complete removal of the cancer. The treatments available include radiation therapy, chemotherapy and surgery. The option depends on the type, stage and size of cancer. In this literature, breast cancer in females is the topic of focus. Treatments for breast cancer typically involve surgical procedures such as breast-conserving surgery or mastectomy (Siegel et al, 2012), systematic therapy and radiotherapy.
Despite the wide range, all treatments are likely to have side-effects for the patient (Fannelob et al, 2017) For surgery, In addition to this, 30% of breast cancer patients have a recurring tumour, which is usually metastatic and spreads throughout the whole body. (Pisani et al, 2002)Therefore, formulating better treatments with consideration to increased efficacy and minimal side effects is essential. Using nutraceuticals to prevent the progression of breast cancer is a known method, however little research has been undertaken in the field. This may be due to the popularity of common treatments in preventing cancer, the risk for cancer patients in relying on alternative methods where evidence of success is minimal or simply not enough conclusive data to prove that nutraceuticals work.