The not cope with the extreme costs to pay

The Second World War was a massive war that was fought between two
groups of countries. The first group was the Axis Powers, which included
Germany, Italy and Japan. The second group was the Allies, which included
Britain, France, the Soviet Union, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, India, China
and the United States of America. World War II was fought from 1939 to 1945,
and during this time over 60 million people died. This war was the deadliest
military conflict in the world, but what caused this war to happen? There were
three very significant causes of World War II. The first cause was the Treaty
of Versailles. This treaty was very harsh on Germany and made them go into
economic depression, which allowed Hitler to rise to power and take revenge
from the Allies. The second cause of the war was the vision and goals of Nazi
leader Adolf Hitler. Hitler broke the Treaty of Versailles and other agreements
by invading countries and taking over land, which caused France and Britain to
declare war on Germany. The final cause of World War II was the policy of
appeasement. This policy made Hitler believe that nothing could stop
him from taking land from other countries and allowed
Germany to gain back it’s military power to fight a major war. Overall, it is
important to understand how each of these three causes led to the start of
World War II.

 

The first most significant cause of World War II was the Treaty of
Versailles. After World War I, the leaders of France, Britain, United States
and Italy wanted to punish the Germans for what they had done in the First
World War. They created the Treaty of Versailles, which outlined all the things
that Germany had to give up and pay for. The first major punishment the Germans
received were reparations, which meant they had to pay for all the damage they
had done in the First World War. Germany could not cope with the
extreme costs to pay for the damage, which resulted in them printing exceeded
amounts of money. This eventually led to the devaluation of the German Mark.
Due to this there was a huge crash in the German economy and Germany had
entered a very dark period of time better known as the Great Depression. During
this time, “buying a small amount of dairy product could cost thousands of dollars,
which many people didn’t have” (History on the Net, 2000). The second major
punishment Germany received was disarmament. Germany’s army was to be reduced.
The nation got a limit on how many troops they were allowed to recruit. If
Germany didn’t obey these rules, the Allies would put their own military powers
into action. The nation could have no submarines
and no battleships larger than 10000 tons (Encyclopedia Britannica, 2017).
Almost all of Germany feared for its safety after much of their military was
disbanded. The final major punishment Germany had to go through was territorial
clauses. Germany lost lots of land due to the treaty in areas along the
northern, western and eastern borders, as well as in all the overseas colonies.
When the time
came for another war, many Germans remembered the humiliation that the Allies
had put upon them. This made them very angry and made them want to fight back. The
weak government and German fear at the time made it possible for Adolf Hitler
to be elected as the Chancellor of Germany which
officially led the Germans to World War II. Therefore this is how the Treaty of
Versailles was one of the most significant causes of World War II.

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The second most
significant cause of World War II was the vision of Adolf Hitler. Nazi leader Adolf
Hitler was one of the most powerful and infamous dictators of the 20th
century. He had a vision of Germans becoming a master race and dominating the
entire world. After World War I, Hitler rose to power in the National Socialist
German Workers Party, taking control of the German government in 1933. His main
goal was to expand geographical boundaries and form a larger Germany. At the
time, most of the population in the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia was
German. Hitler wanted to take over Sudetenland to help him form a larger
Germany.  His first step was to test the
European powers by inserting troops into Germany’s coalmines next to France.
Hitler knew that this was forbidden by the Treaty of Versailles but wanted to
see how far he could push his allies before they would push back, and they did.
In September 1938, leaders of France and Great Britain met Adolf Hitler to
discuss his demands, ultimately giving him exactly what he wanted, control over
the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia. In return, Hitler had to promise to
leave the rest of Czechoslovakia alone, and to abandon all other further
ambitions of territorial expansions. His second step was to create more room
for Germany to grow by taking over Poland. Although Hitler’s General Staff gave
him multiple reasons not to attack now, his official reason was, “Germany never
had and never will have another so capable leader as myself. Therefore we have
to start now, before I get assassinated or Germany will be lost in some other
way” (The History Learning Site, 2015). Hitler broke his pledge to the Allies and
took over the rest of Czechoslovakia, and then invaded Poland in 1939.
Following this France and Great Britain officially declared war on Germany.
This is how the vision and goals of Adolf Hitler were a significant cause of
the war and led to the beginning of World War II.

 

The third most
significant cause of World War II was the policy of appeasement. The term
“appeasement” means giving in to someone’s demands to maintain a level of peace
in the world and avoid conflict as much as possible. Starting from 1933,
Britain and France started using the policy of appeasement on many nations such
as Japan, Italy and most importantly Germany. This policy was mainly used to
stop Hitler from going to war, and was based on the idea that if his reasonable
demands were satisfied, he would stop attacking countries. Appeasement was a
contributing factor to the Second World War because this policy failed to stop
Hitler from invading and taking over other countries. The policy of appeasement
made Hitler see himself as the best, and made him believe that nothing could
stop him from taking land from other countries. This policy also allowed
Germany to re-arm and gather all the military items they needed after they lost
everything in the Treaty of Versailles. Germany was then ready for another
large-scale war, similar to World War I. If Britain and France had stopped
Hitler from inserting troops into Germany’s coalmines next to France, which was
forbidden by the Treaty of Versailles, they could have saved everyone from
World War II (History on the Net, 2000). This is because at the time, the
German troops were not powerful enough and were not fully re-armed to fight a
war, therefore Britain and France could have easily won if they had challenged
Germany. Hitler had also said that his troops would retreat if France and
Britain were to try and stop him.  Therefore, the policy of appeasement made
Hitler bolder and failed to stop him from attacking other countries.  This is the third most significant cause,
which led to the Second World War.

 

In conclusion, there
were three significant causes of World War II. The three most significant
causes of this war have been thoroughly explained in this essay, but here is a
recap. First cause was the Treaty of Versailles and its impact on the German
economy. Second cause was the rise of Nazi leader Adolf
Hitler and his vision for Germany. The last cause was the failure of the policy
of appeasement that allowed Hitler to act on his vision. Although this essay explains the causes and effects of World War II
on Europe, how did the start of this deadly war impact Canada as a nation? This
war impacted Canada in many ways, globally, politically and economically. Canada
was globally affected because before World War II Canada held a very low
position in the world. But during World War II more than one million Canadian
men and women served in the armed forces and more than 43,000 were killed. Canadians
were therefore left with a legacy of proud service and sacrifice during World
War II. Canada also became more tolerant and by agreeing to accept displaced persons
or refugees from Europe, they received greater recognition globally. Canada was
politically affected because during the war “Canada established itself as a
middle power therefore taking a more active global role” (Canadian War Museum,
2017). Canada’s troops were recognized for their many contributions to the war
and accepted black and aboriginal people into their troops, which advanced the
cause of civil rights in Canada. Last but not least, Canada was affected
economically due to “the resources and raw materials they supplied to the war
allowing their economy to boom despite their debt over $10 million dollars” (Canadian
War Museum, 2017). Therefore, even though World War II was fought in Europe it
had a great impact on Canada as a nation.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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