The religion ofIslam was influenced by the religion of Israel in many ways. One such way isthat the religion of Israel emphasized the Oneness of God. One of thefundamental beliefs of Islam is Tawhid or the belief of Allah as the one andonly God. So much so that the way to convert to Islam is to state “There is noGod but Allah and Muhammad is His prophet” and to live as a Muslim is to keepthis statement in mind. This belief was also fundamental to the religion ofIsrael in that God would punish anyone who worshipped another God. Somethingelse that the religion of Israel greatly influenced was the rejection oficonography.
Yahweh in the religion of Israel was not to be depicted in anyway. In Islam, the depiction of any human or animal is discouraged but thedepictions of God are outright forbidden. This is also true of depictions ofthe Prophet Muhammad and other Prophets. For this reason, you usually do notfind any iconography in a Mosque. Thebelief in Judgement Day and responsibility for one’s sins is also a majorconcept that is similar in these religions. The idea that bad deeds will bepunished and good deeds will be rewarded when one encounters God in theafterlife seems to also be a huge influence in these religions.
Oneof the elements from the religion of Israel that Islam rejects is the conceptof a hierarchy within the religion. The religion of Israel had priests who gavesacrifice and they also had the high priest who was the only one allowed intothe holiest place in the tent. In Islam you have an Imam who will lead theprayer but they are not a priest and it is not a position like a Pope inCatholicism. In fact, it a Muslim should not become a fanatic of an Imam andthey are encouraged to learn from others as the Imam is mainly there as a guideand to provide help in spiritual matters. Islamalso is more interested in science and logic than the other religions. Whileothers saw logic as being against faith in God, Islam stated that reason wasthe major function given to humans by God and that it was important to use it.In Christianity it was believed this was misleading and made you stray furtherfrom God and his Salvation. Which brings us toanother difference: To Muslims, God is not the path to Salvation.
It is one’sown responsibility to take the correct path and follow Muhammad’s example inorder to achieve eternal life. One can ask for guidance from an Imam but it isthat individual’s actions which will determine if God grants them eternal lifeonce Judgement Day arrives. If you do not pray and provide charity to those inneed God will not be your Salvation once Judgement Day comes.