The a slope that feeds into a ravine. It


work presented in this report provides an account of a research study of a
limited scope. The study was carried out in Ethekwini Metropolitan Municipality
Area in the province of KwaZulu Natal, South Africa.

theme of the study is sustainability, development policy, practice and
development. The research topic is about uncovering reasons behind illegal
dumping practice. The research site is a village within a rural ward of the
municipality. Illegal dumping is falls within the broader concept of household solid
waste management. The identified  problem
emanates hugely from household solid waste which is discarded on a slope that
feeds into a ravine. It is impossible to shy away from the long term effects
that the illegal dumping may pose on to the environment.

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study therefore aims to gain a better understanding of why do residents dump.
The question of why is fundamental in this context because the municipality
provides a waste  collection service once
a week. The study also want to learn how does illegal dumping affect  the neighbourhood/ neighbours of the village
under concern. It is of interest to learn about various perceptions about
illegal waste disposal.  Thirdly the
study intends to gain insights on the municipal policies relating to waste
management and education. This aspect is crucial in the formulation of
appropriate programmes to challenge the behaviour of residents.

report is organised into six chapters. 
The first chapter is titled introduction. It introduces the research
topic, objectives and summarises methodology and the entire research process.
The second chapter is literature review and theoretical framework. An attempt
is made to provide for theory and practical perspectives of the study.
Subsequent chapters speaks to background of the topic, research design and
methodology. The final chapter presents the findings, challenges and
recommendations as they relate to the identified research objectives.

planning of the study and its execution took into cognisance that the study is of
a limited scope. The mixed approach method was used as an approach for the
study. The topic under concern allowed for the combination of approaches. The
objectives of the study were to understand the policy framework of the
municipality. The policy component could be better understood by asking
questions about frequency of collection, awareness about the existence of
services to check/confirm whether the service of waste collection is rendered.
Secondly the researcher wanted to find out why do some residents practice
illegal dumping when others do not. This objective could have been better
answered by using open ended questions. The researcher was also interested in
finding out how residents in the neighbourhood are affected by illegal dumping.
The mix of objectives allowed for the use of mixed approaches to research.

data collection was done with the means of a questionnaire and researchers
observations. The questionnaire design incorporated both closed questions and
open ended questions. As part of quantitative data collection measure, the  researcher spent considerable hours observing
what was happening at the dumping site. The combination of a questionnaire and
researcher observations made up for the mixed research approach of the
study.  In terms of sampling  there was a guideline from the research
report module about the number of participants that could be interviewed. These
guidelines assisted in terms of deciding on the data collection techniques and

analysis and interpretation was carefully sought. The key concepts were defined
for the study, the coding of the data was prepared in accordance with the key concepts
and variables operationalised during data collection. The interviewer was also
the interpreter of the data which made things a lot more easier. Scribing was
used as means of recording participants responses. There were no difficulties
experienced with transcribing. 


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