Telecommutingis a practice in which an employee works away from his or her job location,especially works from home.
The employee keeps a close communication networkwith his or her employer to ensure smooth flow of work (He & Hu, 2015). Technologyis highly embraced in telecommuting. Some of the technological tools used tofacilitate Telecommutation include;1. Computer2. Internet3.
Electronic mails4. Computer disksCompanies andgenerally employers should consider this option of telecommuting for itsemployees since it has many advantages over its demerits. Here are some of theadvantages;a. Increase productivityThe mostproductive workers work from their homes unlike their colleagues in the office.
This is because the telecommuting workers have more time to work compared tothe office-based ones. The time used when preparing for job, traffic jams andoffice settling, could have been used for production towards achieving theorganization’s goals of productivity.By encouraging theworkers to work from their areas of comfort, the organization is highlyguaranteed of higher production. b.
Flexible work options reduce turnoverCompanies whichdepend on office-based employees are likely to part with them any short time ofservice. This becomes expensive for the organization in recruiting and trainingnew staffs now and then. What facilitates leaving of employees from theorganization can be;Ø Office squabbles –In most times, offices are full of squabbles either between the employee andthe employer or with fellow employees. Regular office physical contactscontribute to this.
Ø Cashinsufficiencies – It is expensive to commute from home to job and thus it needsa higher pay. When it becomes hard for the employee to be sustained by thesalary he/she gets, the worker will automatically quit the jobEvery organizationtries to look for ways in which it can retain its employees. Telecommuting canhelp this by a recognizable margin (Noonan & Glass, 2012). This is because, according to statisticsthe flexible and telecommuting workers are more comfortable and thus thecompany can retain them for long. This greatly boosts the organization’sability to grow in its mission to achieving progressive production needed.c. Flexible work options improve moraleTelecommutingworkers have been confirmed to be healthier and emotionally settled as comparedto their fellow office-based workers. This is because they feel considered bythe organization on the following basis;Ø Trust – Theemployees feel much encouraged that their bosses have a complete trust in themthat they can work from home and deliver to their best under the least supervision.
This gives them morale to well perform their duties and thus improveproductivity.Ø Less expense – Theemployees feel emotionally balanced by not incurring extra expenses in commutingfrom home to the offices. They don’t strain with their wages in incurringunnecessary expenses.
Ø No officepsychological disturbances – What disturbs an employee most is an office fullof quarrels and misunderstandings. A telecommuter will be fairly handled wellsince there is no that physical contact between the employee and the employer,and also other employees.For an employeewith morale for the job, there is much advantage for the organization that evenfor the employee. This is because there will be good job relationships,hardworking employees and higher production.
d. Telecommuting help in reducing the CarbonFootprintCarbon Footprint is the amount of carbon emitted by anorganization, event or an individual directly in the most indirect way.Everyone has his or her own amounts of carbon footprint and way in which theyemit to the environment.Carbonfootprint is contributed by daily human activities either knowingly orunknowingly.
Some ofthe activities which contribute to higher carbon footprint for office-basedworkers are; Ø Daily commutation from home to job when using fuel drivenmotor vehicles contribute highly to environmental degradation. Gases emitted bythe vehicles contribute negatively to the environment, but with the option oftelecommuting, that could have been reduced by big margins. Ø A lot of energy waste of resources like electricity, officeequipment among others contributes to environmental degradation andunfriendliness.Better ways to reduce this environmental pollution factor isby encouraging telecommuting.
Some of the tools which can be effectively usedto facilitate this includes videoconferencing, teleconferencing which canassist in ensuring continuous contact between the worker and his or heremployer. Forany organization that intents to be environmentally friendly, flexibilityshould be part of its culture.Flexible workoptions are cost-effective to the employeeEvery worker works for money andbetter living standards out of his or her income daily, monthly or annually (Henke et al, 2016). If any laborerfeels that his or her income goes to general expenses, he or she might quit thejob for another one which can sustain him or her.Major costs are incurred when one iscommuting for a job than a telecommuter who does his or her duties from home.
Some of the expenses evaded by the telecommuters are;Ø Transport cost –Whether using public or private means of transport, one must incur cost toreach to the office. A personal car needs fuel to be driven, regular mechanicalcheck among others which are too expensive. If you compare two employees; oneworking from the office and another telecommuter both with cars, the office-basedone will have incurred much cost on his or her car compared to his colleague, atelecommuter. The money used for fare or fuel could be used to improve the livestandards of the employee.
Ø Security anddriver – When away from your home, you need someone to keep an eye on yourproperty and kids. That is an extra coin needed. Also, if you have a car, somepeople don’t like or either doesn’t know how to drive on highways. That createsa gap for the urge of a driver who will be driving him or her to and from.
Ø Food, snacks andaccommodation – Food prepared from home is quite cheap compared to hotel one whichis too expensive. If a company doesn’t provide meals to its employees, thatdirectly translates to added cost to cater for their lunch meals. The workerwill be continuously getting bankrupt, daily expenses scorching their pockets. Generally, it is so cost-effective to workfrom home than working from the office because one can save a lot for otherprojects than investing in liabilities like daily transport and accommodationamong other things mentioned above (Raghuram & Fang, 2014).Cost-effective to the organizationEvery organizationaims at getting enough profit; spending little and getting more in itsbusiness. If a business invests much on its employees, it expects much income.In reducing the cost of power and general expenses, a focused organization willconsider Telecommutation for its employees for the following reasons;Ø Reducedoffice space – An organization which has its employees telecommuting from home,it doesn’t need to have a huge office to accommodate its workers. In fact, itonly needs a help desk for site visitors and just very few members.
Officeswhose employees are based on office must create space for every staff memberand hence incur much construction cost.Ø Reduceddaily spending- Most of the organizations cater for their employees’ lunch,breakfast, transport buses among others. With a Telecommutation network ofemployees, the organization will not need office cooks, buses, bus drivers andmany others which will automatically cut its daily expenditure.Ø Reducedbills and regular renovations – The higher the number of workers in an office,the higher the consumption of electricity, water among other billed servicesand facilities.
The office will cut much of its expenseswith the option of telecommutation than basing its workers in the office. ConclusionFrom the aboveexplanation, it is clear that it is better for an organization to have itsworkers telecommuting than working from the office. It is better for improvingthe company’s production by encouraging the employees, reducing company’s dailycosts and expenses and also by focusing on longer-term projects (Dahlstrom, 2013).On the employee level,the employees who telecommute feel comfortable and happy with their job. They feelless burdened from daily commutation expenses and daily troubles ormisfortunes. It is cheaper for them to work from home because what they needmuch is a regular supply of electricity and strong internet network.It is worth betterfor a company having its employees telecommute