Technology is everything that humans putbetween themselves and their environment to fulfil different needs as well asthe knowledge and skills that they develop and manage in this problem-solvingprocess. (Ginner ,1996).
Technology is defined more specifically as artefacts,sociotechnical systems of manufacture and use as well as skills, knowledge,technique, know-how or methodology. (Kline,2003).Yesterday, people walked severalmiles to get to their destination; They kept important information in books andscrolls, they lost important information to flood or fire; they wrote letters,received replies weeks later; Yesterday, technology did not exist. Today, technology exists. People movewith ease, there is no limitation with mode of transportation; importantinformation is kept in the “cloud”; messages are received in microseconds.Technology is important to educationalinstitutions because of the way it immensely helps with management of data andinformation. During the last six-seven decades, Management as a discipline hasattracted the attention of academicians and practitioners to a very greatextent. Today, the society has large and complex institutions with many peopleworking together.
The relationship between managers and managed has changed ascompared to the older master-servant relationship making it more complex.People have greater expectations from their jobs. To make all these thingsfunction properly, people have been trying to evolve some methods andtechniques. Such attempts have given birth to management as a separatediscipline (M. Dash & Neema Dash , 2008)The members of educational institutionare tied together by a complex interpersonal relationship and therefore thereis the need to keep important information about themembers of the school.
This has brought about the development of applications and databases. When developing a database, theorganization of storage of data is off high priority. In a fast-developing era wheretechnology is widely used. The educational institutions are one of the leadingusers of computer applications for managing data and information, A schoolmanagement system is a software that provides a lot of options to promoteschool management and deliver services as fast as possible. A school managementsystem is an application that deals with the managing of information of allstudents, employees and other working personnel. The system providescapabilities for entering student data and other information related to thestudent in the school as well as all other working personnel.