Taoism describes the Chinese religious tradition that emboldens people to live incoherence. In Taoism, Tao is an essential idea that is used to represent the principle which acts as the foundation, pattern as well as substance of all that exists. Unlike Confucianism which is characterized by the rigid rituals as well as the social order, Taoism does not emphasize on the stiff rites and social order. Taoism emphasizes on the naturalness, spontaneity, and simplicity. Furthermore, Taoism embraces different treasures such as humility, compassion, and frugality. The traditions embraced in Taoism are drawn from the oldest Chinese cultures that elaborate a rational system on how to retain the human behavior in line with nature’s cycles which keep on alternating.
The growth of Taoism results from embracing different attributes. First and foremost, naturalism was one of the tradition observed. In naturalism, the members of the community had to recognize the Tao which entailed ceasing to be selfish, reducing the desire as well as appreciating simplicity (Laozi, 1993). Different practices demonstrate this. For example, Taoism encouraged vegetarianism as well as fasting.It was also the norm in Taoism setting out food as a sacrifice to the gods of the deceased spirits.
The sacrifices were in the form of animals such as ducks and pigs. Also in particular holidays, the members of the community would carry street parades which include firecrackers as well as traditional music. Also, the parades would involve lion dances. As a result, most of the Chinese cultures adopted the practices introduced in Taoism. For instance, in art and poetry, most of the painter adopted the Taoist thought in their art. In politics, Taoism encouraged philosophical anarchism as well as pluralism.
It is worth noting that Taoism natured the development of Buddhism which embraced naturalness and emphasized on embracing living life at every moment. Different books and articles composed reveal different reactions of the people regarding Taoism (Thielly and Herbaut, 1993). This essay elaborates how the stories “The punishment of K’uang Tzu Lien” and “The Black Pearl” and “The Lame Healer” demonstrate how one should or should not behave according to the Taoism of Tao Te Ching.In the “Black Pearl,” the narrator describes how the lives of the two helpless boys were saved from the pirates along the sea.
In the story, the boys had prepared to enjoy the natural comfort of the sea, with the bright sand and sea animals. As usual, they began picking the pearls and shells along the water line. However, in the process of their adventure, they found themselves in the hands of the pirates who condemned them for collecting the black pearls. According to the pirates, collecting black pearls was a curse.
As a result, the pirates were furious about the boys, and they threatened to punish them. They were detained into the boat and later released at the place deeper in the sea. The boys were forced to swim towards the seashore to save their lives. Unfortunately, the storm began to blow strongly, and the boys had to increase their efforts. The more they swam, the harder it became for the boys.
Despite the strong storm, the boys had to work harder, though became exhausted. However, amid the feeling of giving up, a man by the name “Mankato” appeared from nowhere. Filled with mercy and compassion, he hurriedly swam towards them and rescued them. Due to the strong storm in the sea, Mankato became exhausted that the force of the water overwhelmed him. It was sad for the boys to discover that Mankato succumbed to the heavy water storm.
In this story, the compassion revealed in Mankato was among the attributes initiated in Taoism. “The Punishment of Kuang’ Lien” describes the key morals which were to be observed by each member of the community as customs commissioned by the authority. An offense would lead to the punishment as indicated in the customs of Confucianism.
The book particularly describes how culture impacts child development as well as child psychopathology. Wilson elaborates the socialization aspect of the children regarding the Chinese cultural development. It was also described that the Chinese tended to follow their cultural values as compared to their American counterparts. However, deviant behaviors could not be tolerated the Taoism.
The deviant behaviors would attract a punishment that no one would escape. This story reveals how humility and simplicity played a role in ensuring people live in harmony.On the other hand, “The Lame healer” brings an aspect of morality and social responsibility to each member of the community. The Lame Healer gives the right guideline of the Taoism. For instance, Taoism emphasized the need for compassion and humility in the daily lives. As described in the book, it is revealed that the “healer” is not only solving the current challenge that faced the community but also using the opportunity to influence the entire society about the importance of living for one another. In this story, compassion as a virtue in Taoism is highly embraced.In conclusion, Taoism, as described in the above stories, has been applied in various ways.
However, the impacts have the behavior and traditions adopted in Taoism correspond to the customs in Confucianism. Furthermore, it is worth noting that at any occasion where Taoism is applied, both the social and physical contact is positively affected. The Taoist values are revealed in all instances in the stories.