SUBASH SUNARResponsePaper 20Our ancient reviewsour metaphors. New historicism and cultural materialism are the procedures of regeneration of our past. This kindof work is supported out for numerous purpose. New historicism shows that everyperiod has its own theoretical and philosophical structures. People in the past had no idea about the God, individualor authenticity as we do now. Cultural materialism wants to display that ourpolitical and philosophical systems operate images and texts of the past. It servestheir welfares and that these images and text can be understood by drasticdifferent substitutions that are often created by placing those images or textin their historical background.
Both new historicism and cultural materialismare concerned at the beginning of the concept of “difference”. This concept hasbecome significant in explaining how both critical practices have changed inlast years. Both were fascinated in highlighting the extent to which the pastdiffers from the modern uses of the past, to what range the past is alien or”different” from our modern episteme and, borrowing from Foucault andGeertz, new historians and cultural materialists. HaydenWhite notice fiction as a lingual written statement in a style that has an event in a way that gave themlogic and understanding in his “Historical Text as Literary Artifact”. HaydenWhite argues that the same series of sequential events could be talked about indifferent ways by highlighting the different parts of the series of events, anaction that calls “emplotment”.
HaydenWhite does not mean with this interference or change in the order of historicalevents in historical narrative, but simply with a different structure of thesame series of events, considering essentially literary conventions and throughthe different emphasis of differentevents. Hayden White lists four main types of plots, tragedy, satire, comedy, and romance.