Stakeholders of Koh Tao have been discussed and analyzed inthe previous section along with the identification of their practices influencedthe current state of the island. The analysis has majorly shown that eachstakeholder has their own agenda, interest, and stake to the island’s tourism.In an attempt to improve the current situation in term of the Sustainability TourismDevelopment and International Coastal Management (ICM) aspects. We haveidentified Dive shop as the major stakeholder in this study and therefore, wewill discuss the sustainable practices which should be adopted by the dive shopin Koh Tao in this section. The analysis of the codes of conduct In order for dive operators understand and adopt responsiblecodes of conduct, we have gathered the codes of conduct suggested fromdifferent resources. The first codes of conduct we choose to demonstrate in thisstudy is called The Green Fins management approach which established by theUnited Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) as an approach to minimize theimpact of recreational scuba diving related activities to the nature (“GreenFins – Environmentally Responsible Diving and Snorkelling”, n.
d.). TheGreen Fins approach works with dive shop to establish a network of educateddive operators and divers, to encourage a set of standards for environmentallysustainable scuba diving tourism activities. “Green Fins” leads thecharge for the first global environmental diving standards and provides a listof standards, which are assessed during external audit sessions, so as tomonitor the success of the implementation of the approach by dive shops whojoin the program (Hunt, Harvey, Miller, Johnson & Phongsuwan, 2013). The second codes of conduct presented in this study is by thePADI Aquatic World Awareness, Responsibility and Education Foundation (ProjectAWARE) which is the non-profit organization. The codes of conduct are offeredas part of the diving course along with the PADI certificate and have workedalong with dive operators to promote environmental and conservational diving standards(“About Us | Project AWARE”, n.
d.; Lucrezi & Saayman, 2017). ProjectAWARE has released many codes of conduct for dive operators to adopt upon thetype of marine life as the project has stated that “Each shark and rayoperation is unique. It’s important to develop a code of conduct that reflectsthis uniqueness” (The Responsible Shark and Ray Tourism: A Guide to BestPractice, 2017). Even though there are a different in detail for each code ofconduct, the structure of them are presented in the same manner.
Last codes of conduct presented in this study is from BlueCertified which the ‘third-party’ certification structure creating specificallyfor the sustainability in diving tourism industry (“Blue Certified | Aboutus”, n.d.). This code of conduct is launched by the Ocean First Instituteand the coral reef alliance (CORAL) with the objective to provide scuba divingbusinesses with 30 best management practices and guidelines for the marineconservation and the economic development of coastal communities (“Blue Certified| Sustainability Tips & insights”, n.
d.; Lucrezi & Saayman, 2017).The code of conduct is divided according to difference types of operators andactivities such as boat operators, diving operators and marine wildlife viewing. Sample of code of conduct suggested to dive shops fromdifference organizations as per below. Green Fins ‘s Code of conduct1. Promote the project2.
Train staff as a responsible role model forguests3. Educate all dive staff according to “Green FinsFriendly Diving and Snorkeling Guidelines”4. Minimum discharge including the adopt of “nolittering” and “no fish feeding” policy5. Not sell any corals and other marine life at thedive shop Participate in regular coral reef monitoring and report coral reef6. Provide training, briefings or literature for guestsregarding diving and marine life interaction.7. Ensure the safety of guestsAdopted from Guideline to the code of conduct (n.
d.), Codeof conduct (n.d.) Project AWARE ‘s Code of conduct 1.
Conduct the introductory brief and inform allsnorkelers of the biology of marine life.2. Do not allow guests to touch, feed or ride marinelife3. provide signs and infographics in dive shops andon boats.4.
Enforcement the rule by inform snorkelers thatnon-compliance will not be tolerated and have a member of staff on board tomonitor compliance.5. individual sites should only be interacted withby one group of tourists per day. Dive operators need to communicate with eachother to facilitate this.
6. Best practice demands continuous improvementfrom operators and their staff. Providing ongoing training can encourage this,covering areas such as environmental impacts, safety, tourism operations,understanding the latest scientific research, etc.Adopted from The Responsible Shark and Ray Tourism: A Guideto Best Practice (2017) Blue Certified ‘s Code of conduct1. Keep garbage contained and minimize use ofplastics.
2. Stablish a no-contact policy3. Conduct environmental awareness briefings fortourists 4. Conduct buoyancy refreshers5. “take only pictures, leave only memories” Policy6. discourages fish feeding and harassment ofwildlife.7. Support the establishment of marine protectedareas by the local government8.
Address diver carrying capacity, in Order toavoid overcrowding at popular sites, thus diminishing the threat to These siteswhile at the same time enhancing the visitor experience.Adopted from A practical guide to good practice (2003) From the short review above, thereare several codes of conduct have been promoted to dive tourism and operators, However,sampling of code of conduct which are gathered in this study have shown thesimilarity between them which are emphasizing in Pre-dive briefings beforegetting into the water, no-contact policy and the limited use of diving sitesand minimal discharged into the sea.