Solitary confinementstarted at Eastern State Penitentiary in Philadelphia in the year of 1829.
Its ancestriesare built on the Quaker credence that “convicts secluded in stone prison cells witha bible would use the time to apologize, implore, and find self-examination.” Nowadaysit appears that solitary was perceived as a charitable reorganization, unravellingpersons from teeming confinements. The exercise nevertheless fell out of servicein the late 1800’s after prisons found that “A Substantial quantity of theprisoners clear-fell, after even a short imprisonment, into a unintelligent ailment,from which it was next to impossible to provoke them, and others became pugnaciouslysenseless; others still committed suicide, while those who stood the tormentbetter were not usually rehabilitated, and in most cases, did not recuperate adequatepsychological action to be of any succeeding amenity to the community.
” (Childress,Sarah., “Lock it Down”: How Solitary Started in the U.S.
). Intoday’s biosphere nearly tens of thousands of persons transversely in theUnited States are confined in near-total isolation for between 22 and 24 hoursa day. A lot of the times the cells they stay in are usually about the size ofa parking space. Their bed is concrete, they have a metal stool that does notmove, and a combination toilet/sink. The slot in the door is just big enoughfor the guards to slip their food in. prisoners in solitary confinement arefrequently denied telephone calls and contact visits. Ever since solitaryconfinement came into existence, it has been used more as a tool of repression.
Protractedsolitary confinement causes inmates momentous psychological damage and placesthem at grave risk of even more devastating future harm. Researchers haveproven that lengthy solitary confinement causes a tenacious and sensitive stateof anxiety and nervousness. As well as headaches, insomnia, lethargy, chronictiredness, nightmares, heart palpation, fear of impending nervous breakdowns,and higher rates of hypertension and early death.
Contact to suchlife-shattering circumstances obviously establishes harsh and uncommon chastisement,(which is also a violation of the Eighth amendment to the U.S. constitution andinternational laws). Acrossthe United States, there is a developing undertaking calling for the end ofsolitary confinement. It really is not good for prisoners to have to beisolated just for the fact that it leads to so much negative experiences.Although, yes, they are prisoners and there is a reason to why they need to beisolated, but maybe they can figure something else out. In the years of 2011and 2013, prisoners across California prearranged synchronized hunger strikesin objection of on humanoid and debasing circumstances of confinement. Certainprisoners delineated five essential stresses to prison administrators.
Thembeing: 1.) Finish Group Sentences.2.) Eliminate the use of interrogation. 3.
) End long-term solitary confinement and ease environmentsin isolation. Including the delivery of consistent and evocative socialcontact, passable healthcare, and access to sunlight. 4.
) Offer satisfactory food5.) Increase programming and privilege’s.All they want is another shot at life,without having to live in the darkness. How come there cannot be another wayfor them to be isolated. Kind of like having rehabilitation house for inmates,the good ones anyway. All in all, I would not want to be stuck in a metal roomwith a metal bed and everything for weeks on end, I would probably harm myself,and that should be reduced because it does happen so much. Therefore, the oneswho are saying that it needs to go away I agree one hundred percent, there areother ways, better ways. They are human just like everyone else they justmessed up some not all that bad and others well I cannot speak for them.
The Parallel Universe for Inmates Forinmates, this is called “Getting Ready,” they are trying to remake prison lifeas if they were living in the community. Most of the time, inmates who are”good” inmates are the ones that follow the rules and make their beds daily.However, they become the lazy ex-inmates who have no motivation.
Therefore,there has to be some sort of action to keep them busy and to make sure theirskill set becomes more adequate. A lot of the times prisoners are givenincentives for good behavior like: work, school, and programs that help themwith certain skill sets. Marc Levin, of the Texas Public Policy Foundationadvocates introducing a “parallel universe” to the criminal justice system thatrewards those behind bars or on parole who complete education, health andwellness, or employment programs. This incentive that he created would betterprepare inmates for life after prison. Kind of like the Prison Education Program, itlet’s inmates have the chance to learn at least some basic education. A studyby the U.
S. Federal Bureau of Prisons found: “The more educational programssuccessfully completed for each six months confined, the lower the recidivismrate.” One that I found very interesting was the Honor Program, which is basedon the principle of incentivizing positive behavior and holding individualsaccountable for their actions, it’s to create an atmosphere of safety, respect,and cooperation, so that prisoners can do their time in peace, while working onspecific self-improvement and rehabilitative goals and projects which benefitthe community.