marijuana be legalized on governmental level?
Marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug
with an estimated 120 million engrossing it in some form or the other. In India,
marijuana has been historically bound to piety and mysticism .It is called a
drug that helps to achieve “elatedness in the real sense of the word”. In every
corner of this nation people consume and celebrate with charas (hash), alcohol
and weed. People in India consume bhang which is also used to attain
“elatedness in the real sense of the word” on religious festivals. Anyways
people are consuming these drugs then why not legitimate the use of marijuana
which has at least many pros unlike others.
People of today’s generation have forgotten the
healing properties of marijuana. It was widely used for analgesia, antibiotic medicines, and low toxic
medicines, when O’Shaughnessy introduced marijuana in the western world.
refer to marijuana as weed. It is a product of a plant knows as “cannabis
sativa”. Generally people refer to
cannabis sativa as cannabis hemp. There are many plants which are known as hemp
but cannabis hemp is the most useful of them just because it produces the three
most useful products viz. seed, medicine and pulp. Cannabis sativa do not
require any special climatic condition to grow, it can be planted in the
variety of climatic conditions. (T.H)
of Cannabis and usage in India
product was first mentioned in the writings of the Chinese emperor Shen Nung.
He mainly focused on the
medication power of cannabis. Intoxicating properties were also mentioned but
medicinal value was considered more important (narconon).Talking about
history of marijuana in India, people have been using it for enjoyment purpose.
weed legally before 1986 but when brassbound narcotic laws came into effect, it
was next to impossible to use it legally even for medical purpose. These laws
made sale, transportation and consumption of marijuana illicit. As we all know
Indians did not want to ban the sale of marijuana, it was under the peer
pressure of United States because at that time, Rajiv Gandhi wanted to
introduce super computer technology to Indians. It was a deal between India and
Overuse of anything is not good. No drug is
perfectly safe to use if one is overusing it. Every psychoactive drug can
become a problem after limited use. It was obviously an overreaction from the
part of government. The act which forced us to stop the use of marijuana is Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic
Substances Act (1985) and the Prevention of Illicit Trafficking in Narcotic
Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act (1985). As it has been amended three
times – 1988, 2001 and 2014.
Federal government of America accused marijuana to
be a gateway drug, dramatically more impotent today and is more addictive in
its own rights. But in 1988,
Drug enforcement administration’s own administrative law judge quoted that “marijuana
in its natural form is one of the safest therapeutically active substances
known to man”. If it is the safest substance and has lots of medicinal
value then marijuana should be legalised. A recent study suggests that users of
marijuana has three-fold higher risk of dying from high blood pressure- but
that study was observational, which means a bunch of people were observed and
noticed what happened to them. Hence researches cannot confirm the suggestion
or they cannot infer that smoking marijuana increases the risk of high blood
pressure to three times.
Products of marijuana like hemp oil, bosom lotion
are used to cure cancer tumours but the company which made these products was warned
by F.D.A. to stop manufacturing the products derived from marijuana. But
doctors at the hospitals who are using these products to cure cancer tumours
said that “these products will be
treated just like other products that make unproven claims to reduce
cancer threat” , and also quoted, “We don’t let
companies market products that deliberately prey on sick people with baseless
claims that their substances can shrink or cure cancer.”
Moreover, overdose of marijuana do
not cause death. Although in 2017, two doctors in Colorado claimed first ever
known death of an eleven year old due to marijuana overdose. They could not
find any other reason for the death of an eleven year old. They found THC (tetrahydrocannabinol)
in his urine and blood. Irony is- people have been using marijuana since 2727
B.C. but they claimed first death due to marijuana overdose in 2017. This
infers that marijuana smokers smokes only a fraction of what heavy cigarette
smokers smoke and that is why lung cancer is very rare due to marijuana
Furthermore, marijuana may be a
least addictive and problematic of all the psychoactive drugs, many of which
are now legal. Adding on, people who smoke marijuana do not show violent and
hasty sexual behaviour.
Adding up all the above arguments
and the medicinal value of marijuana, I think that marijuana should be
legalised on the governmental level.
The medical aspect
India issued first cannabis grow license
on August 18, 2017. The official license holder is the Council of Scientific and Medical Research
(CSIR). The council will work with Bombay Hemp Company (BOHECO). Although,
BOHECO will produce medicines with high-CBD variety. CBD is the product of cannabis
plant which itself is banned in India because of another product it produces
known as tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) because studies from USA and Europe
suggests that all the physcoactive activities comes from THC while medicinal
value is contained in CBD. It was an erroneous idea that THC has no medicinal
value and it will only lead to spreading of addiction at an alarming rate. And
this will postpone the legalization of marijuana for decades (dope magazine).
Why didn’t Indian government
legalise marijuana before? Didn’t they realise the medicinal value of marijuana
back then when Rajiv Gandhi banned it at the first place? It could have helped
number of patients who were suffering from cancer and traumas.
In USA, pharmaceutical products
which contain THC are legally sold. Some people find the tablet form easy and
some devour it in teas and baked products. But majority of people find smoking
it easy and pleasant. Same goes for India. People in India find smoking the
most effective way both for medicinal properties and for recreational
The Business aspect
In hilly areas like Jammu and
Kashmir and Himachal regions, legalization of marijuana will create job
opportunities and it will decrease India’s unemployment problem. When Colorado
legalise marijuana, it made 10,000 jobs and significantly decreased
unemployment rate in Colorado.
In regions like Himachal Pradesh
and Tamil Nadu, marijuana is the only source of income. Banning lead farmers to
sell it at a cheap price to drug dealers and police threatens them who should
be paid time to time to destroy cannabis plantations.
If the government legalizes
marijuana, the government can earn huge amount of taxes on it which now are
directly going to Italian and Israeli drug cartels.
Adding up all the above arguments,
legalization will create abundance of job opportunity and will decrease India’s
unemployment rate and will help the government to increase their revenue.
The Quality aspect
People in India anyways consume
marijuana in. Legalization of marijuana will ensure that good quality of
marijuana is reaching to customers. Seller’s now-a-days mixes weed with hash
and then sell it to customers. Legalization will improve the quality sold
because after legalization, the government can control the regulation and sales
Some other aspects
Alternatively, banning marijuana
has failed to control the use and production of marijuana. In 2016, local
government estimates 240 hectare (593 acres) of land on which cannabis was
cultivated. On this big a land, it produces more than 12000 Kgs of hashish.
Moreover, these are the statistics of only a village named Malana near Kullu, where
the only source of income is selling marijuana. There are many more villages like
this where people can provide food to their children by selling marijuana only.
The reason for this is; on those types of lands, wheat and other grains cannot
be cultivated. Furthermore, the statistics are not correct; the real numbers
are far higher as they grow marijuana on steep land on which the actual
calculation of area is far more than impossible.
People who live in these areas do
not have any other choice than cultivating marijuana otherwise they can’t
provide food to their children. They do not fear imprisonment because facing hunger
is tougher than facing imprisonment.
In Malana, Maheshwar Singh, a local
lawmaker and a descendant of the former royal family, once visited Malana
during his election campaign and quoted “I feel
they have a reason to stick to that plantation because that is the only way
they can earn their living”. He also said that, “The government of India had
made a policy to provide employment to those people but they haven’t been able
to do so”.
People rely on the
government but the government failed on them and obviously, they do not want to
die of hunger. They think that even if they had to go jail for cultivating cannabis,
they are ready to face it.