SECURITYMalware is considered as any dangerous and harmful softwarethat is created specifically with the sole intention of fully controlling thesystem and causing serious havoc or even stealing very sensitive personalinformation to it which is mainly done without the owner having an idea of whatis going on. this is a very common way most people. Five preventive measures for malwarea) Antivirus- This is any software that isspecially written and designed to show and terminate any harmful malware that ison your computer system, the antivirus tries to search for any kind of threatthat is located on your system if it finds any it will then proceed toeliminate it with the consent of the user. This is very important in everyorganization to curb for any unwanted threats. b) Preventing download from suspicious websites- Itis very common for a lot of people to download files, application, music ,movies etc online in this century. Inthis instance a lot of people have decided to take advantage of it by uploadingfiles with malware so that immediately you download from these sites ,you thentend to download these threats without your knowledge which tend to harm yourcomputers system before you even realise.
That being the case downloading shouldbe minimized or downloading should be done from trusted websites. c) Firewalls and intrusion detection software- Thisis one of the most important things that you have to do on your system that can really help individuals,organizations,shops etc the firewall and intrusion detection software servesas security measures of the network justas in the real word security is provided for safety this applies to thefirewall and intrusion detection software , they find and prevent any suspicious software from entering your systemthrough your network,this is a very good thing to have especially for anorganization to prevent them from cyberattacks. d) Clicking on pop up windows- a lot of people seethis all the time when they are surfing the internet all of a sudden a pop upfrom somewhere just comes and asks you to run a system scan or tells you have avirus on your computer and you need to download the file to get rid of it, thatis a malware that when you download they just come and destroy your system anda lot of people are using this to get to people and if you are not careful youcan be affected to,so never click on pop ups. e) Avoid downloading strange attachments in e-mail-some of the malwarealso comes in the form of email attachments, immediately you download them theytake control of your computer system and do really dangerous things to it, sothe precautions to take is that you should examine the sender of the mail andattachment if it does not relate to you try as much as possible to avoiddownloading it. How to detect safe and unsafewebsites In the kind of worldwe live in now it is very difficult for anyone surfing the internet because theinternet is a global network of computers and you may find it very hard whensearching for stuff on whether it is a safe or unsafe place but there are a lotof ways to check now. I) Secure icons-most updated web browsers nowinclude this feature when you are using it for instance if you type in any urlor follow a link anywhere most browsers would show you whether it is a secureor unsecure site it is normally a padlock shown like the one below The one above shows that the website is safe and secure tobrowse on.
This one above shows that it is an unsecure site to browseon ii) Google safe browsing -This is also another way to detectsafe and unsafe websites,it immediately warns you when you are browsing throughsuspicious sites.you just have to typehttp://google.com/safebrowsing/diagnostic?site= followed by the url then it shows you whether it is safe.