Role prosecution could not determine how Caylee Anthony was


Role of the Judge
and Other Courtroom Participants (n.d.) Retrieved January 31, 2018 from

Probable Cause.
(n.d.) West’s Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. (2008). Retrieved
January 30, 2018 from

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Ng, C. (2013).
Casey Anthony Appeal Reduces Lying Convictions From Four to Two. Retrieved
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Ng, C. (2012).
Casey Anthony Completes Her Probation. Retrieved January 31, 2018 from

Lohr, D. (2011).
Elisabeth Rogers Jailed For Outburst At Casey Anthony Trial. Retrieved January
31, 2018, from

Keating, P.
(2011, May 25). Casey Anthony Defense Strategy: Blame Her Dad. Retrieved
January 31, 2018, from

  Jacoby, J. E., & Ratledge, E. C. (2016).
The Power of the Prosecutor: Gatekeepers of the Criminal Justice System:
Gatekeepers of the Criminal Justice System. Santa Barbara, California: Praeger.

Hayes, A.
(2011).Casey Anthony not guilty of murder, other charges in daughter’s death.
Retrieved January 31, 2018 from

Goeda, J. (n.d.).
Police: Criminal Investigations – Criminal Investigation Defined. Retrieved
January 30, 2018, from

Ferdico, J. N.,
Fradella, H. F., & Totten, C. D. (2016). Criminal procedure for the
criminal justice professional. Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.

FBI Witness Says
Duct Tape Found on Caylee Anthony’s Body Contaminated by Lab Tech. (2011).
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Edwards, A. L.,
Lundy, S., & Preito, B. (2008, August 26). Caylee wasn’t a child who was
wanted, court records show. Retrieved January 31, 2018, from

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At the end of the day, the prosecution could not determine
how Caylee Anthony was killed. They had theories, including Casey killed her.
However, they did not have any physical evidence to back that claim up. The
case had poor forensic evidence. Fox News (2011) states, a Federal Bureau of
Investigations (FBI) technician testified in the Casey Anthony Murder trial
that duct tape found on 2-year-old Caylee was contaminated during testing by
another technician. The body did not help the case, at all. Once Caylee was
found, the weather elements and animals had taken its toll, and no real
evidence came from her.

According to FindLaw (n.d.) an appeal is a request from a
party in a lower court proceeding to a higher court asking the appellate court
to review and change the decision of the lower court. Ng (2013) states, the
appeals court was asked to decide whether Anthony was in police custody when
she made the statements that led to her convictions and whether she should have
been charged with four separate counts of lying. If the courts would have
overturned the appeal, two of her convictions would have been thrown out.

The goal of corrections, probation, and parole are to
rehabilitate criminals back into society after being in jail. The jury found
Casey not guilty of killing her daughter but guilty of check fraud. Casey
Anthony did a year of probation somewhere in Florida. She has not been seen or
heard from. Ng (2012) writes, Anthony’s reports have consistently said that she
is unemployed, has not been taking any classes and has not been drink alcohol
or taking drugs.

    The witnesses are perhaps one of the most
aspect of a criminal trial. They give testimonies based on what they saw or
experienced. In this case, witnessed portrayed Casey as a party girl. Wecht and
Kaufmann (2011) states, many of her friend had seen Casey during the time
Caylee was missing and said she was her normal party self (33).

Bailiffs are sworn-in law enforcement whose job is to keep
the peace while a court in is sessions. An example of this was seen in the Casey
Anthony Trial. Lorh (2011) states, the Casey Anthony first-degree murder trial
was brought to a sudden halt today when a woman watching the proceedings
blurted out, “She killed somebody anyway.” The police swears in all the
witnesses under oath.

The judge has many various roles. Some of these include,
according to “Role of the Judge and Other Participants (n.d.), presiding over
the case, determining if the evidence the parties want to use is illegal or
improper, jury instructions, and convicting the defendant, if needed.

The jury’s job is to listen to both the prosecution and
defense present evidence. Based on the facts produced determine if the
defendant is innocent or guilty. The jury in the Casey Anthony trial found her
innocent.  Hayes (2011) argued, the prosecution
did not prove their case. The big question that was not answered: How did
Caylee die?

The defenses job is to prove their client, the defendant is
innocent of any crimes. This is shown in the Casey Anthony trial. Keating
(2011) wrote, “lead defense attorney Jose Baez shocked the courtroom by saying
Caylee never had been missing; rather, he said, she had died accidentally in
her grandparents swimming pool. And that Casey’s father George, Caylee’s
grandfather, help cover it up.” According to Ferdico, Fradella, & Totten
(2016), the prosecution need to introduce evidence in order to allow the
trier-of-fact to draw inferences that might overcome presumptions established
by applicable burden of proof (67).

Prosecutors are essential to the criminal justice system.
They represent the State and attempt to prove in court that defendants are
guilty of the crimes they are accused of (Tucker, 2017).  For instance, the prosecution argued Casey
Anthony never wanted to be mom, and she was relieved when Caylee went missing.
Their goal is to seek justice and be a voice for the victim, and sometimes
their family. A prosecutor presents evidence, calls witness to stand to
question them, and cross-examine the defense witnesses. Ultimately it is the
judge who handles the sentences, but the prosecutor can have a say in it.

        The legal burden law
enforcement must meet is probable cause. Probable cause is needed to arrest a
person. However, before a person can be arrested the police our court must have
enough evidence to prove to a reasonable person that a crime has been committed
or will be committed. If police arrest someone without probable cause, the
court may throw the case out and/or throw evidence out.Probable cause is
necessary in order to obtain a warrant. Police may briefly detain a person
based on reasonable suspicion. Reasonable suspicion is a suspicion that a crime
might be taking place. If law enforcement has reasonable suspicion, they may
briefly detain a person and asks questions until they have probable cause to
arrest him or her (probable cause n.d.)

The major problem for the police in conducting a criminal
investigation is that not only is there potentially massive amounts of
information available, but the relevance of the information is often unknown,
the information is often incomplete, and the information is often inaccurate.
Everything Casey Anthony told the police turned out to be false. For example,
Casey told police she worked at Universal Studios. According to Whect and
Kaufmann (2011), Leonard Turtora, a personnel investigator, informed Melich
that Casey had indeed work there but had been fired in April 2006 (24). Not
only had Casey being lying to investigators but also her parents.  One of the problems for police conducting a
criminal investigation is the information is often inaccurate, this is seen in
the case. Because Casey was misleading to the police she was arrested. Jacoby
and Ratledge (2016) reported on July 16, 2008 was arrested. Some of her charges
included: child neglect, making false statements, and obstructing an
investigation (158). From the beginning of the investigation, Casey told
detectives nothing but lies.

Law enforcement are crucial to any criminal investigation.
They are there to help solve the crime and offer the family any type of
closure, if needed.  Police are the first
line of defense to solving a crime.  In
the Caylee Anthony case, the moment Cindy Anthony reported her granddaughter
missing, law enforcement came to the house to start the investigation.
According to Goeda (n.d.) the role of the police in a criminal investigation
refers to the process of collecting information (evidence) about a crime in
order to: determine if a crime has been committed; identify the perpetrator;
apprehend the perpetrator; and provide evidence to support a conviction in
court. Once investigators began talking to Casey Anthony, they instantly knew
something was amiss. Wecht and Kaufmann (2011) states, Detective Melich
drove Casey in his unmarked car to various places of interest. One apartment
building where Casey said Zenaida Fernandez-Gonzalez, who allegedly kidnapped
Caylee, stayed during 2006 turned out to be a seniors-only facility (2).