Renaissance even to this day because it caught people’s

Renaissance means “rebirth”, and that is exactly what it was.  Italy underwent restoration and enhancement.  It started in Italian city-states, such as Rome, Milan, and Venice.  The Renaissance took place over 200 years, through 1400 to 1600 in Italy.  It first began in Florence, Italy, then it gradually expanded throughout Europe.  This was a very prosperous time period that changed architecture, art, music, learning, viewpoints, and money.  In the early Renaissance is important even to this day because it caught people’s attention and it taught us major lessons about daily life.  “The Renaissance teaches us the power of looking to the past for insights and inspiration.  People looked to their past with a sense of admiration and in search of guidance.  Patrons, scholars, artists, and engineers of the Renaissance looked back to their ancient ancestors in order to help them craft their world.”  (Italianrenaissance.org)  There were both men and women aristocrats, merchants, scholars.  “By the middle of the sixteenth century, about half the population of London could read and write to some degree; other European cities had similar literacy rates.”  (Corrick, 15)  People today are influenced by the past.  For instance, books, movies, tv shows, plays, and art are all things that help inspire people to produce new creations.  The Renaissance impacted the people by changing the technology, arts, and Catholic Church’s influence, economy, culture and many other aspects.  During these centuries, Italy went through dramatic changes.  Life before, during and after the Renaissance was different in their own ways.  Art movements changed in Europe after the Renaissance due to Mannerism, Baroque art, Baroque music, and the Golden Age of Literature.  The art, architecture, music, discoveries, and literature during the Renaissance was different from what it was like afterwards.  The art was drawn as realistic as it can be drawn.  The artists wanted to be as real as possible when it came to human art.  They also created art revolving around nature.  “Science helped artists understand the concept of perspective, where objects that were drawn smaller actually looked as if they were farther away.  Use of light made figures look real.”  (westernreservepublicmedia.org)  Artists were inspired by other artists’ work and created beautiful pieces of art.  “In Florence, architects and sculptors specialized in works for public spaces: this allowed for greater freedom in experiencing with new artistic ‘languages’.”  (Merlo, 12)  This contributed significantly as to why the Renaissance flourished.  Art, literature, and new ideas were being spread.   Some famous artists during the time period are Botticelli, Leonardo da Vinci, and Michelangelo.  “Paintings, as we have seen, were applied to statues, temples, or in the Forum; but its favored receptacle was the external or internal wall.”  (Durant, 352)  Leonardo da Vinci was very successful and intelligent.  He was an inventor, musician, engineer, scientist, botanist, and among other things. The helicopter, tank, airplane, and bridge were all invented by Leonardo da Vinci.  One of the biggest inventions during the time period was the printing press.  The printing press was invented in 1445 by Johannes Gutenberg.  This allowed people to easily produce books quickly for readers.  Before the printing press, the books took longer to make and thus, was more expensive.  Thanks to Gutenberg, the books became cheaper and many more were produced.  Like stated previously in the first paragraph, people used previous ideas to expand their knowledge.  Due to the knowledge of the books, multiple other discoveries were invented.  This took a turn on people because it changed their viewpoints on everyday life and made it easier.  The new inventions also helped the Renaissance flourish.  “In art, humanism influenced Renaissance literature through both its ideas and its focus on classical myths and ancient writings, which inspired new forms of poetry, and prose on familiar subjects.”  (Corrick, 69)  Humanism was centered around the study of classics and literature of Ancient Greece and Rome.  People who studied poetry, grammar, philosophy, and history were called “humanists.”  Vernacular language is the native dialect of a specific location.  The vernacular for the Europe was Latin.  Latin was the most international language and most people knew how to speak and write it.  Although Latin was well known, many Renaissance authors wrote in their native languages.  Poems, books, and other types of literature were also in Italian, French, and English.  Many works of literature was centered around the man’s relationship to God.  A few authors from the Renaissance were Dante, Ariosto, and Boccaccio.  Architecture became more intricate with different symmetry, designs, and structures.  Some of  the things they built were homes, courtyards, churches.  They brought back Rome’s dome, round arch, and vault. The beginning of opera was created around this time.  They studied the lengths of pitches and how to string instruments.  During the High Renaissance, it lasted a short time and was created by artists like Leonardo da Vinci, and Donato Bramante.  “The art of the High Renaissance, however, sought a general, unified effect of pictorial representation or architectural composition, increasing the dramatic force and physical presence of a work of art and gathering its energies and forming a controlled equilibrium.”  (ibiblio.org)  

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