Professionalacademic writing skills are a crucial requirement for radiography students.
Thedifference between success and failure in hospitals can often depend on anindividual’s professionalism. Irvin(2010) defines academic writing as a piece of writing that demonstratesknowledge and authenticity at a given task. He also states that appropriateacademic writing includes knowledge of research skills, ability to read complextext and understand key disciplinary concepts. Additionally, it is academichonesty which is a necessity in every academic environment.
It helps one accurately express theiruniqueness in presentation and interpretation of a task by differentindividuals. This essay will analyse the common misconduct such as collusion,plagiarism and cheating that may occur in academic writing, how it is dealtwith, how to establish ‘good practice’ academically and the overall importanceof portraying honesty at all times.In anarticle to support academic and professional competence, Ng, et all.
(2007)suggest three areas of competency for an undergraduate radiography programme.These include “fitness for practice, fitness for purpose and fitness foraward.” This implies that while students study to be competent in theirpractice as radiographers, they should also be knowledgeable in their studiesand avoid behaviours that could be considered inappropriate or cheating. In basic terms academic writing is more thanjust constructing sentences, but is the ability to be able to critically readarticles or work from other authors that make a meaningful contribution to thetask. This shows that academic writing will take into consideration thecontribution of others to the essay, with their work correctly acknowledged,and evidence to show that the task has used other works appropriately. As afuture health professional, it is important to have some knowledge of academicwriting to demonstrate academic honesty.
As part of the policy and procedure within the radiographyprogram every, there is a section on academic misconduct which is common withinthe learning environment. Within the university’s guidelines, misconductsmentioned include; plagiarism, cheating and collusion. (University of Herdforshire,2016).According to a Britishleading newspaper- Independent, Getty (2016) suggest that more than 50.000university students have been caught academic malpractice across the countryover last three years. She also mentions that among the”129 universities, KentUniversity had the highest number of cases of 1947 cases, the University ofWestminster with 1933 the University of East London with 1828.
Others include Oxford brooks with 1711 andSheffield Hallam with 1740″.Kenny (2007) refers to plagiarism as taking and using thesource as your own. This is because those who take and use work of otherswithout acknowledging it, are doing a disservice to the author and discreditingthe university. While the General Medical Council (2015) suggests that medical students who engagein plagiarism, cheating and fraud are left to the medical schools to deal withit, not the professional body. Most universities use their own policies andprocedures on academic misconduct to uphold professionalism. In anarticle on plagiarism, Khan (2011) suggests that is a serious contravention inthe modern academic age of writing and that it is wrong.
Anyone who does notquote their source has engaged in academic theft which has serious academicconsequences (Khan, 2011). Therefore, it isimportant to point out that plagiarism is not acceptable within the learningenvironment.Anothermisconduct is cheating. UC Berkeley CSC (2017) explains that cheating is gaining unfair advantage, or dishonesty inan academic exam, or trying to use materials that are prohibited orinappropriate in the context of the exam or coursework.
Other elements ofcheating would include, copying an answer from others such as past or presentstudents. They stated that some students may even submit assignments that belongsto others. Furthermore, collusionis another form of academic misconduct in terms gaining an unpermittedadvantage.
It occurs when the students are given an individual assignment andthey complete the work jointly with one or more students, handing in virtuallyidentical coursework. It is also including those who actively help others orpermit others to use their work prior to submission for assessment. (Universityof Hertfordshire, 2016)