Principles to the environment as a result of the

     Principles of ManagementNameInstitution  Principles of ManagementIntroduction            The Flint tap water was contaminated,and it was quickly noticeable due to the yellowish, filmy, and foamy nature ofthe water and it smelled like an open sewer, although the residents wereinformed that the water was safe. However, the reality is that the water wasnot safe for use, due to the high levels of lead that was present in the water,and which was quite corrosive.

Despite the government knowing that the watercontained such a toxic chemical, the government did not respond in a way tocontrol the or reduce the impact to the environment as a result of the actionof the state to switch the water systems. The Flint Water Crisis: Whathappened.            The exact problem that led to thecontamination of the water was due to interrupted corrosion control and lack ofpreparedness for risk management (Pieper, Tang, & Edwards, 2017) (Baum, Bartram, & Hrudey, 2016). The state watersystem had been supplying the water but the government decided to switch to anew system which was supposed to be ready in two years. However, with theadoption of the new system and the need to save money, the state switched toFlint River water. Moreover, the regulators appeared to be compromised andtherefore could not account for the mess in the city as well as continuouslyfail to protect the interests of the locals. If the management were adequatelyconducted, the problem would not have occurred (Masten, Davies, & Mcelmurry, 2016).Management Theories that Could HelpSolve the Problem            There are quite some management theoriesthat are applied to the present day business operations which if adequatelyexecuted leads to the best functioning of any business.

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One such theory isHenri Fayol’s administrative theory. The focus of the theory is on personalduties which the management has to undertake. That is the theory directs thework to the management layer (Wren, Bedeian, & Breeze, 2002).            The second management theory that isalso important and could have changed the case with the Flint water crisis isthe systems theory. The systems theory is an approach which incorporates theseveral parts which are unified with the primary intention of achieving theoverall goal of the business. The theory has inputs such as money, people, rawmaterials, and technologies.

It also has processes like control andorganization as well as outputs and outcomes like improving the quality oflives of the society. In the systems theory, the operations are enhanced evenmore as a result of relying on feedback from each of the parts of the approach (Stemple, Roy, & Klaben, 2014).             The third theory is Max Weber’sbureaucratic theory. In this theory, the theory provides for official and fixedjurisdiction, ordered hierarchy as well as subordination and conductingmanagement of the firms in line with written records and which follows thoroughexpert training (Lai, 2015).            The three management theories describedabove can change the way the organization operates. Using Henry Fayol’sadministrative theory, the management is supposed to take direct responsibilityfor the company and not allow the interference of the state government.

In mostcases, the government controls most of the firms, but better management happenswhen the corporations are independent and the administration has to make adecision and stick to them and be responsible for the consequences of thedecisions made. Secondly, the systems theory canhave an enormous impact on the company. Here, each section of the company is totake the full responsibility of their products before it is released to otherparts of the system. For instance, the choice and handling of raw materials,processing and handling of the wastes and checking the quality of the outputbefore releasing the products to the consumers.

Following such a channel couldnot have resulted in the contamination of water with lead. And finally,adopting Max Weber’s bureaucratic theory would have led to first hiring highlyqualified personnel, as well as imposing tight rules by the management to thesubordinates and the regulators imposing rules to the firm.  References Baum, R., Bartram, J., & Hrudey, S. (2016). The Flint water crisis confirms that US drinking water needs improved risk management. Lai, J.

(2015). “Patrimonial Bureaucracy” and Chinese Law: Max Weber’s Legacy and Its Limits. Modern China, 41(1), 40-58. Masten, S.

J., Davies, S. H., & Mcelmurry, S. P. (2016). Flint Water Crisis: What Happened and Why? Journal-American Water Works Association, 108(12), 22. Pieper, K.

J., Tang, M., & Edwards, M.

A. (2017). Flint water crisis caused by interrupted corrosion control: Investigating “ground zero” home. Environmental science & technology, 51(4), 2007-2014.

Stemple, J. C., Roy, N.

, & Klaben, B. K. (2014). Clinical voice pathology: Theory and management. Plural Publishing. Wren, D.

A., Bedeian, A. G., & Breeze, J. D. (2002). The foundations of Henri Fayol’s administrative theory.

Management Decision, 40(9), 906-918.