PM6100 PALM PATIENT MONITOR Fig.1 Palm Patient Monitor This monitorintegrates the functions of parameter measurement, waveform monitoring, etc.Its color TFT liquid crystal display is able to show patient parameters andwaveform clearly. The monitor also features compact size, lightweight,easy-to-carry handle and built-in battery, which make it portable in clinic,ward, even at home.
This monitor is capable of monitoring parameters: ECG(Electrocardiograph), HR (heart rate), NIBP (noninvasive blood pressure), Spo2,PR (Pulse rate), and body temperature.The One-Button-Design makes the monitorto be an easy-to-use system, so you can perform the operations conveniently.Besides, this monitor can be connected with the other smart terminals such asPC, IPhone and Android phones. ANDROID STUDIOAndroidStudio IDE is used for developing the healthcare application for patients.It isthe official integrated development environment (IDE)for Google’s Android operating system,built on JetBrains’ IntelliJ IDEA softwareand designed specifically for Android development. It isavailable for download on Windows, macOS and Linuxbased operating systems. It is a replacement for the Eclipse Android Development Tools (ADT)as primary IDE for native Android application development.
VITAL PARAMETERSHeart rate givesthe number of heartbeats per unit of time, usually per minute. The heart rateis based on the number of contractions of the ventricles (the lowerchambers of the heart). The heart rate may be too fast (tachycardia) or tooslow (bradycardia). Respiration rateis the number of breaths per minute or, more formally, the number of movementsindicative of inspiration and expiration per unit time. In practice, therespiratory rate is usually determined by counting the number of times thechest rises or falls per minute. The aim of measuring respiratory rate is todetermine whether the respirations are normal, abnormally fast (tachypnea),abnormally slow (bradypnea), or nonexistent (apnea).
Electrocardiography (ECG ) is the process of recordingthe electrical activity of the heart overa period of time using electrodes placedon the skin.SpO2stands for peripheral capillary oxygen saturation, an estimate of the amount ofoxygen in the blood. More specifically, it is the percentage of oxygenatedhaemoglobin (haemoglobin containing oxygen) compared to the total amount ofhaemoglobin in the blood (oxygenated and non-oxygenated haemoglobin).SpO2is an estimate of arterial oxygen saturation, or SaO2, which refers to theamount of oxygenated haemoglobin in the blood.NIBP stand forNon-Invasive Blood Pressure. It’s a feature common in a lot of patient monitorsin the hospital where you can check the patient’s blood pressure either by acuff on the arm, or the leg.
It’s different from the regular blood pressurewhere the cuff is pumped up by a small bulb. This means is done byelectric driven motor which pumps up the cuff, and then deflatesit. NIBP can be set totake a blood pressure at timed intervals. BLEAlthough classicBluetooth can run from coin cells, its relatively high power consumption limitsbattery life to a few tens of hours.
This makes the technology unsuitable forcontinuous medical monitoring applications. However, a lower power consumptionform of Bluetooth technology, Bluetooth low energy, overcomes this problem.Bluetooth low energy(BLE) also operates in the 2.
4 GHz band and features a bandwidth of 1 Mbps(four times that of ZigBee) with a range of 15 to 30 m. All current low energy application profiles are based on the genericattribute profile (GATT), a general specification for sending and receivingshort pieces of data known as attributes over a low energy link. It is apopular option for medical device makers adding short-range connectivitycapability to their devices. The technology consumes only 10% of the power ofclassic Bluetooth, which means it can enable devices that transmit relativelysmall amounts of data to operate on a coin-cell battery for months or evenyears. DATABASESQLite is an open source SQL database thatstores data to a text file on a device. Android comes in with built in SQLitedatabase implementation.
SQLite supports all the relational database features.In to access this database, you don’t need to establish any kind of connectionsfor it like JDBC,ODBC etc. FTPFile TransferProtocol (FTP) is a standard network protocol used totransfer files from one host to another host over a TCP-based network, such asthe Internet. FTP is built on client-server architecture and uses separatecontrol and data connections between the client and the server. FTP users mayauthenticate themselves using a clear-text sign-in protocol, normally in theform of a username and password, but can connect anonymously if the server isconfigured to allow it.