On hand, the 14th Amendment disallows states from interfering

On the other hand,
the judicial independence is also safeguarded by Section 1 of Article III in
the U.S. Constitution by providing that federal judges “shall hold office
during good behaviour”, meaning judges can remain in offices for the rest
of their lives or until they are convicted or impeached by Congress. The
Article also stated that the judges shall “receive for their Services a Compensation, which shall not be
diminished during their Continuance in Office” which means once the judges are appointed, their
salaries cannot be “diminished” or reduced. These restrictions are
meant to protect the independence of the judiciary from the political branches
of government by
manipulating the judges through their salary.1 This also assures that judges would
not be controlled by punishments in way of salary reductions if they made
unpopular decisions.2

            In the year of 1791, the first ten
amendments to the Constitution known as the Bill of Rights came into effect due
to the demand of many states which they felt needed to outline individual
liberties as well as government structure. This means that the power of
discrimination of the state and federal government would be largely limited. It
also guarantees the protection of basic human rights, for example the right to
free speech and the right to a fair trial.3The protection of the right
to a fair trial is secured in the principle of due process enshrined in the 5th,
6th and14th Amendments to the U.S. Constitution. 4 The Fifth Amendment has an explicit
requirement that the Federal Government cannot deprive individuals of right of
life, liberty or property, without due process of the law and an implicit
guarantee that each person receive equal protection of the laws. The Sixth
Amendment provides for the rights of criminal defendants, that is without unnecessary delay the right to a public
trial , the right to a legal
practitioner and  the right to fair jury. On the other
hand, the 14th
Amendment disallows states from interfering with an individual’s rights of
due process and equal protection.

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1The Federal Court
System < The Judicial Branch: Interpreting the Constitution < Government 1991 < American History From Revolution To Reconstruction and beyond. (2018). Let.rug.nl. Retrieved 25 January 2018, from http://www.let.rug.nl/usa/outlines/government-1991/the-judicial-branch-interpreting-the-constitution/the-federal-court-system.php 2Costly, A. (2018). BRIA 14 2 c An Independent Judiciary - Constitutional Rights Foundation. Crf-usa.org. Retrieved 25 January 2018, from http://www.crf-usa.org/bill-of-rights-in-action/bria-14-2-c-an-independent-judiciary 3B. Todd, J. Know Your Rights: A guide to the United States Constitution (pp. 1-31). District of Minnesota, United States. Retrieved from https://www.justice.gov/sites/default/files/usao-ne/legacy/2012/04/27/Civil%20Rights%20Book-NE-2.pdfAccessed 25 Jan 2018.   4Attila, B. (2013). Fair Trial and Judicial Independence: Hungarian Perspectives (pp. 94-96). Springer Science Media. Retrieved from https://books.google.com.my/books?id=6Ty3BAAAQBAJ=PA94=PA94=does+the+judicial+independence+in+united+states+leads+to+fair+trial?=bl=8wGXQQ1puE=kGPZxO6eCGyPfkZ1g7sW6LPNdTk=en=X=0ahUKEwiQ2ILK2-jYAhXLLY8KHV4JCPgQ6AEIWDAI#v=snippet=united%20states=false Accessed 25 Jan 2018.  


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