New tunnels for trains, create computer networks the size

New Residential Building Technologies
as a Modern Standard of Living

These
days we live in a very modern society. In the Society where every day something
new happens. The scientific revolution of the 20th century gave us a powerful
impetus to the developmental change of all sides of our life. We launch rockets
into space, build underground tunnels for trains, create computer networks the
size of a neural grid of the human brain, explore quantum mechanics processes
at the sub micro level, electronic components get more progressive almost every
year, but at the same time, such significant aspect of our life as the housing remains
almost unchanged. What kind of solutions might be workable and what are the
obstacles in the approach of bringing new technologies into the house building field
will be covered in this paper.

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Interest to
conserve energy was not popular in the United Stated for many years; however,
things are changing and today more and more people started thinking how to improve
it. Fortunately, while we were living carelessly, Europeans, buying energy at
very expensive prices, have already developed all the technology, have carried all
the necessary research out, and are ready to share it. What we need is to
change our attitude, make it our new national idea and bring it to the masses.

Passive building is a set of design and building rules used to get
a significant level of energy efficiency within a specific comfort level in
accordance with these building-science principles: 

Extra insulation without thermal
bridging.
The site’s airtightness, blocking
infiltration of outside air and loss of conditioned air.
High-performance windows and
doors.
Usage of continuous heat
recovery ventilation and conditioning system. 
Presence of a thermal mass
object inside of the building such as slab on grade or massive brick wall
that can accumulate and radiate heat or coolness.
The
orientation of the home on its building site and the selection and placement
of the windows allows the house to get full advantage of free solar heat
and light

The
principles can be applied to all building and offer the best path to Net-Zero and Net-Positive houses
by minimizing the load that renewables are required to provide. To get a
Net-Zero energy house we need to reduce energy consumption to minimum by using
energy star appliances and LED lamps, while major component is a renewable energy
system. By making proper calculation on the design stage, a house is made to
produce as much energy as it consumes on a yearly basis. The whole system is
not necessary autonomous as it can be connected to the grid so that it supplies
excessive electricity into it and get it back when production is low. What
matters in this case is the annual production consumption ratio. If from the
grid consumption is zero then a house can be called a net-zero and if it
produces more than it needs then a house can be called Net-Positive; that means
that electricity can get paid back by the grid operator.

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