NameProfessorClassDate Family ViolenceFamily violence is any form of abuse, mistreatment, or neglect in which a child or an adult experiences from a family member or someone whom they have an intimate relationship. There are many forms of abuse such as: emotional, financial, neglect, physical, or sexual. In family violence situations, victims are abused by individuals who they once trusted whether it be a parent, sibling, extended family members, or even significant other. Common types of family violence are intimate partner violence, child abuse and neglect, and elder abuse. An abusive experience can take a toll on the victim causing pain that can last a lifetime, especially for children. Child abuse has become one of the most prominent social issues in society. It is the second leading cause of death among children. Children can be abused emotionally, physically, and sexually. Also, included in the category of child abuse is neglect and any form of violence a child can see or hear within their families. A child can experience any form of abuse from anyone they encounter such as: parents, relatives, guardians, teachers, or coaches just to name a few. This experience not only interferes with the child enjoying their childhood, but can lead to psychological and physical issues as they enter adulthood. There are several risk factors that increase the child’s chances of being exposed to the abuse. If guardians have not excelled in school, parents are young, guardians do not have a job or suffer from mental disorders. Emotional abuse is considered to be behaviors, speech, and actions directed to the child in a negative manner. Examples of emotional abuse are calling the child out of their name, insulting them, threatening violence, and even allowing them to witness abuse. Children need to be encouraged,not told negative, degrading comments. Emotional abuse causes pain on the child mentally. Being emotionally abused as a child can cause poor mental development and unstable relationships. Children learn mostly from watching others, so if growing up the child was emotionally abused or saw abuse there is a strong chance that they will become the abuser or also be abused as an adult. With this situation, it is extremely important for the child victim to receive help so that the cycle does not repeat itself generation after generation. Part of the issue for many families in America is what is defined as child abuse. Parents give spankings to their children as a consequence for their actions, but of course there have had several accounts of when spankings have gone too far. Spankings have left bruises and welps on children because parents are angry at their behavior. Studies have made a correlation between child abuse and corporal punishment. Corporal punishment can be defined as the use of physical force to cause a child to feel pain for inappropriate behavior, but not to inflict injury. Parents that use this method are only supposed to use it under certain circumstances, on rare occasions and also supposed to have a positive effect. When the spankings occur at the correct time, it can decrease the likelihood of antisocial behaviors and other deviant behaviors. It also would make other disciplinary actions more successful when used appropriately. Some do not understand the prevalence of child abuse or understand that they would be considered abusers because they grew up under the same circumstances, and felt that it was normal as a form of discipline. The Department of Justice defined child abuse as a “deliberate use of force”. This includes “beating, hitting, pushing, choking, biting, burning, kicking, or assaulting a child with a weapon”. There are many families that partake in this behavior not understanding the severity of their behavior. They have also been trained health care professionals that have not been able to detect child abuse until it was too late. There are many case studies that measure child abuse. Specifically, Muhammad Dosari (2017) did a case study measuring parents perceptions of child abuse. Two hundred parents were involved and they assessed five different areas. Three areas related to the parents while the other two areas related to families and communities. The study looked for the correlation between child abuse and other risk factors. Thirty four percent of the parents disclosed that they experienced some type of child abuse. Approximately eighteen percent used physical abuse among their own children. The study found the following as risk factors: history of child abuse at a young age, young parents, and a lack of self control and discipline. Parents were also more likely to demonstrate child abuse if they did not have their own home, have a child that they could not maintain control of, or had a child that had a disorder. Parents used abuse as a tool to educate their kids on the correct way to act, not aware of the damage that they are actually causing but instead encouraging negative behaviors and habits. Many studies have shown that child abuse is very complex. It is difficult to detect and control this phenomenon because parents feel that they have the right to discipline their children the way that they see fit. This will remain a controversial topic for many reasons but primary care physicians still work to detect this occurrence and advocates still work to bring awareness and education to parents to have a better grasp of how to correctly discipline children. In conclusion, family violence is a very serious problem in society. Although there are laws in place to protect individuals from such acts, they still occur. Child abuse not only harms a child during their childhood, but once entering adulthood they carry those scars with them. Family violence causes issues for a victim for a lifetime. Unfortunately, many abusers were once victims of such volatile actions.