Music is ?n integr?l p?rt ?f ?ur lives. It ?ffects pe?ple inm?ny w?ys, fr?m em?ti?n m?n?gement t? c?gnitive devel?pment. Pe?ple ?ften usetheir music?l t?ste ?s ?n indic?t?r ?f their pers?n?lity. Studies sh?w th?tpe?ple t?lk ?b?ut music the m?st when they first meet s?meb?dy bec?use theybelieve music t?ste tells ? l?t ?b?ut ? pers?n, ?nd in cert?in c?ses, it c?n betrue. H?w d?es the f?rm?ti?n ?f music?l preferences ?nd h?w pers?n?lity tr?its?ffect the ch?ice ?f cert?in music?l preferences?It is ?r?und ?ge 10 th?t we st?rt t? f?rmul?te ?ur music?linterests, even if we h?d n? pri?r interest in music. In the l?ter teen?geye?rs, self-kn?wledge is in full swing, ?nd em?ti?ns intensify, s? we ?re verysensitive t? ?ll kinds ?f music.
M?st ?f th?t time, especi?lly ?t the ?ge ?f12, we listen t? everything wh?t ?ur friends listen t? ?nd put themselves in ?specific s?ci?l circle. ?t the ?ge ?f 14, we disc?ver th?t wh?le w?rlds ?fmusic ?nd pe?ple exist ?utside the c?nfines ?f wh?t we kn?w. We expl?ring ?nd experimentingmusic ?nd we underst?nd th?t we d? n?t need t? f?ll?w the rules ?f ?ur p?rents,friends ?nd ?ther pe?ple. We ?bs?rb inf?rm?ti?n like ? sp?nge, ?nd ?ll this?ffects ?ur t?ste.
We end up liking s?me stuff, we end up h?ting s?me stuff.When we hit 18-20, ?ur music?l t?ste is essenti?lly s?lidified. It’s n?t ?nex?ct circumcisi?n, but it’s pretty cl?se. Rese?rchers estim?te th?t by this?ge we h?ve bec?me less ?pen-minded, ?nd ?ur neur?l circuits h?ve bec?me ?lm?stc?mpletely structured, b?sed ?n ?ur experience, le?ving little r??m f?r new?ss?ci?ti?ns.
Pr?fess?r Peter Rentfr?w ?f the C?mbridge University, inc?ll?b?r?ti?n with Pr?fess?r S?m G?sling ?f the University ?f Tex?s in 2003,c?nducted ? study ?n pers?n?lity tr?its ?nd music?l preferences. Theysubdivided music?l genres int? f?ur m?in c?teg?ries: Reflexive ?nd c?mplex(blues, cl?ssics, f?lk, j?zz), Energetic ?nd rhythmic (hip-h?p, d?nce),?ptimistic ?nd tr?diti?n?l (religi?us genre, c?untry, p?p), Intense ?ndrebelli?us (met?l, r?ck, ?ltern?tive r?ck). The rese?rchers f?und th?t th?sewh? prefer ?ne ?f the gr?ups h?ve simil?rities.Energetic ?nd rhythmic genres: c?nfident, with pr?gressiveviews, s?ci?ble, sp?rting, ?ttr?ctive.?ptimistic ?nd tr?diti?n?l genres: reli?ble, w?rk?h?lics,?ttr?ctive, re?dy t? help ?thers, with c?nserv?tive p?litic?l views.Reflective ?nd c?mplex genres: str?ightf?rw?rd, with liber?lp?litic?l views, intelligent, p?tient, like ?esthetic experiences.
Intensive ?nd rebelli?us genres: sp?rts, energetic,?dventur?us, intelligent, inquisitive.?ls?, Rentfr?w ?nd G?sling c?nducted sever?l rel?tedexperiments. In 2007, they tried t? check whether the stere?types ?b?ut music?lgenres ?nd ch?r?cter tr?its ?f the f?ns ?re true. Initi?lly, they ?sked 74p?rticip?nts t? ?nswer ? number ?f questi?ns ?b?ut their ch?r?cter tr?its, ?ndthen ?sked t? n?me the 10 s?ngs they l?ved m?st. The p?rticip?nts ?ls? h?d ?week t? ch?nge their mind. Then 74 CDs with f?v?rite s?ngs ?f p?rticip?nts weregiven t? listen t? 8 pe?ple wh? h?d t? guess wh?t the pe?ple wh? ch?se theses?ngs ?re.
It is interesting th?t 8 ?bservers were unmist?k?bly ?ble t? s?y?b?ut the simil?rity, gener?sity, curi?sity, cre?tivity ?nd em?ti?n?l st?bility?f the p?rticip?nts. Their results were better th?n in ?ther studies, when?bservers tried t? t?lk ?b?ut pe?ple, viewing ph?t?s ?nd vide?s.There were ?n?ther rese?rches by ?dri?n N?rth, PhD, wh?c?nducted ? three-ye?r study c?rrel?ting the music?l preferences ?ndpers?n?lity tr?its ?f m?re th?n 36,000 p?rticip?nts. Results ?f his rese?rchessh?w th?t:The m?st p?pul?r, ?f c?urse, is p?p music. It is e?sier t?perceive, bec?use it d?es n?t h?ve ? deep me?ning in the text, ?nd is h?rm?nicin itself very ?ccessible (s?metimes even t?? intrusive). Studies h?ve sh?wnth?t f?ns ?f p?p music, ?s ? rule, ?re extr?verts. They ?re c?nfident,s?ci?ble, but n?t cre?tive pe?ple.
F?ns ?f r?ck music ?nd he?vy met?l ?re ?ls? m?ny. Pe?plebelieves th?t the ?depts ?f he?vy, tr?sh ?nd h?rd ?re pr?ne t? l?neliness ?ndsuicide. But, in principle, this is n?t s?. Surprisingly, c?ntr?ry t? theprev?iling ?pini?n, they h?ve ?n extremely s?ft ?nd even subtle ch?r?cter.
These ?re cre?tive pe?ple, but, ?s ? rule, with ? r?ther l?w self-esteem. Bythe w?y, f?ns ?f h?rd r?ck were the cl?sest t? the f?ns ?f cl?ssic?l music.F?ns ?f r?p ?re very c?mmunic?tive, independent, ?re ?ble t?c?mpetently neg?ti?te ?nd defend their p?int ?f view. Their high self-esteem is?ls? n?ted.?dherents ?f c?untry ?nd western – re?l w?rk?h?lics. Thes?me, h?wever, c?n be s?id ?b?ut the f?lk.Cl?ssic?l music is listened t? by uninhibited, c?nfident,but, ?s ? rule, cl?sed-minded pe?ple, intr?verts.
True cl?ssics f?ns ?m?ng them?dern gener?ti?n ?re n?t?bly few, ?m?ng them, f?r the m?st p?rt is individu?lswith music?l educ?ti?n.J?zz ?nd blues definitely liked by cre?tive, s?ci?ble,?verc?nfident, kind ?nd rel?xed pe?ple.Electr?nic music is quite p?pul?r t?d?y . It, ?s ? rule, isperceived p?sitively by ?lm?st ?ll types ?f pers?n?lities, but ?nly ?s ?neutr?l b?ckgr?und. Pe?ple wh? ?re re?lly s?re with this style, by n?ture ?rephlegm?tic.
They ?re imperturb?ble, c?lm, their m??d is st?ble ?nd d?es n?tch?nge f?r ? l?ng time. It is n?ted th?t m?ny pr?gr?mmers prefer electr?nicmusic.Dubstep h?s bec?me ? rel?tively new directi?n ?nd h?s g?inedn?t?ble p?pul?rity in just ? few ye?rs. Dubstep f?ns ?re quite impulsive,intern?lly str?ng ?nd unst?ble.
F?ns ?f d?nce music turned ?ut t? be the m?st c?mmunic?ble?nd vers?tile pers?n?lities, but ?t the s?me time quite t?ugh in rel?ti?n t??thers.?f c?urse, there ?re th?se wh? listen ?nd p?sitivelyperceive ?ll music?l styles. There ?re few such pe?ple, s? it’s difficult t?s?y s?mething ?b?ut their ch?r?cter. Presum?bly, these ?re cre?tive,extr??rdin?ry ?nd unst?ble individu?ls, striving f?r ch?nge.
The t?pic ?f the mutu?l influence ?f the pers?n?lity tr?ils?nd music?l preferences is very p?pul?r, especi?lly since psych?l?gists stillc?n n?t pinp?int h?w cl?sely these things depend ?n e?ch ?ther. Perh?ps thisindic?tes th?t ?ur pers?n?lity is ch?nging with ?ge. ?nd when we devel?p, ?urmusic?l t?stes ch?nge with us. H?wever, even if we disc?ver new music f?r?urselves, there is still s?me definite genre th?t we distinguish fr?m therest. This genre is ch?r?cterizes us.
It d?es n?t m?tter wh?t we ?re m?st?ttr?cted t? – penetr?ting texts, ?ggressive rhythms ?r s?unds ?f the guit?r.Everything th?t we ?tt?ch t? in life, c?n serve ?s ?n indic?t?r ?f ?urpers?n?lity.