Music itself does not endangersuicidal individuals.
Many genres are elicited to many different types of feelingsand emotions, not necessarily having a negative nor a positive effect on anindividual. However, specific genres do have more emphasis of negative effects onan individual’s character over positive effects, and vice versa. For instance,according to medical reporter Kate Benson, “Listening to rap music can bring out or even create certain emotionsand feelings from an individual that has unfortunately been linked to violence,theft, suicide, sexuality, and drug use” (Benson, 2008). Young, adolescent individualswho watched violent rap music videos were more accepting towards violent actions,particularly against women in sexually subordinate roles, as displayed in themusic videos. Young females whose preferred genre was also rap, were discoveredto also be more inclined to express acceptance of violence in a datingsituation (Copley, 2008). These specific genres of music are inclined to extractdisapproving emotions and actions from adolescents, however, not every teenagerwho listens to rap and/or heavy metal display these violent emotions oractions.
As mentioned, it boils down to the approach to these music genres. As mentioned above, music genres do not onlyhave emphasis of negative effects on individuals, there are many genres ofmusic that possess positive effects too, for example, classical music.A study performed by researches from theGraduate School of Art Therapy, Daejeon University, Daejeon, South Korea, putthe theory that music has the power to improve depression, anxiety and relationshipsto the test. They gathered two groups, 27 patients in each group. One group wasmade to listen to classical music 3-4 times a week, and the control grouphaving no change to their music listening routine. After 17 weeks, the group madeto listen to classical music showed immense improvements in anxiety, depressionand relationships. The control group experienced no change at all.
This studyjust emphasizes the concept that certain music genres also possess the power toheal. After doing some additional research, it was found that this form ofmusic therapy extends to the animal kingdom as well. There are music genres that possess the abilityto cause several feelings and emotions to be felt simultaneously. For instance,one of the many emotionsoften linked with jazz is chaos. Improvisation differentiates jazz apart fromother genres of music. Jazz is the act of creating music on the spot. Improvisation,does not always suggest positive emotions either, especially for people who aren’tfamiliar with jazz music.
For people who are unfamiliar with jazz, it elicits feelingsof chaos and confusion. (Levitin, 2006, pp 232). However, for individuals whosepreferred music genre is jazz, they describe it as uplifting, joyous, motivating,and passionate. It is also said to be soothing and energizing simultaneously.Jazz listeners feel a broad and complex range of positive emotions.
Musicgenres do not necessarily have a positive nor a negative effect on people. 2.5 The influential factor of music is lyrics.Lyrics are the most powerfulinfluencer in music, it is how music conveys the message and idea beingexpressed. Lyrics of some music genres, such as rock, heavy metal, rap, and reggaewere reportedly found to revolve around topics such as sexual promiscuity, death,homicide, suicide, and substance abuse.
Fans of heavy metal and rap music displayedgreater inclinations to partake in reckless and irresponsible behavior as opposedto peers who were not fans of those genres of music. A study performed exploredthe influence the genre of heavy metal had on individuals. They weresignificantly more aggressive and it appeared to affect their outward appearanceas well. Males’ attitudes toward women revealed that those exposed to heavy metalmusic, showed notably more negative attitudes toward women than those exposed toclassical music. As mentioned above, the lyricsin rap music particularly contains explicit sexual language, as well as ideationsof violence, racism, homophobia, and hatred toward women.
Substance abused suchas alcohol, tobacco, and many forms of drugs are found to be praised in thelyrics of these songs. When assessed according to genre of music, rap videoshad the highest depiction of violence (21.9%), closely followed by heavy metal musicvideos (20.3%). This is due to such portrayal in the lyrics of these genres. (Pediatrics 2009;124:1488–1494).