Literaturecan be interpreted as a references used in various activities in the world ofeducation or used to describe anything from creative writing to more technicalor scientific works. Literature can also be interpreted as a references used toget information or materials or scientific sources commonly used to create awork of writing or any other scientific activity. Literature can be a book. Froma book of a history of English literature, literature is a word withqualitative implication, not just a neutral term for writing in general.
Without this implication and without a belief on the part of the author thatsome qualities of literature are best appreciated when it is presented in theorder in which it appeared. Inliterature, there are some periods such as the age of Chaucer. In the age ofChaucer, there are some historical happened such as Black Death (the terribleplague) bringing poverty, unrest, social and intellectual movement, thecorruption of the church. And the literary feature in this period are the firstis the standardizing of English, theEnglish language has shaken down to the standard of the east midland speech.,the language of the capital city and the of the universities. The second ismodern note, the spirit of criticism, interest in man’s affair (the story wasnot about religion or king but it was about human), less complement acceptanceof the establish order, the spirit of drama and the age of anonymity is passingaway.
The third is prose and the last is Scottish literature.Theage of Chaucer, in this period there are some figures like Geoffrey Chaucerthat was famous work in this period. Chaucer names mention by some frequency.
GeoffreyChaucer has a unique position in the Middle Age period. He was born an ordinaryperson, but through reason and clever when judgment of human character. GeoffreyChaucer was born in London. He was aBritish poet and also philosopher. He is often referred to as the father ofEnglish Literature. Geoffrey Chaucer wrote many works, but his famous work is aboutstory of The Canterbury Tales. He is sometimes considered that he the firstauthor to show the power of English to write literary works and not to useFrench or Latin.
GeoffreyChaucer married with Philipp who was a lady of the queen of chamber. Chaucermay also have had a daughter, Elizabeth, and two sons, little Lewis and Thomas.When he was in Italy 1372 and 1378 he find out the works of Dante and Boccaccio and becausehe find that its make the works of Chaucer affecting the literary effort ofGeoffrey Chaucer. Geoffrey Chaucer was sent abroad for a diplomatic mission in1370 and his last mission took him to Florence and Genoa, Italy and there hemay deepen his poetry.
GeoffreyChaucer still in London until twelve years. At the time, Geoffrey Chaucer’speriod is began, which includes the transitional works such as Anelida and Arcite in 1379 and Parlementof Foules in 1382. Chaucer established residence in Kent, where he waselected to a peace judge of parliamentarians in 1386. And his wife died. Chaucerperiod is consider to begin at this time, marked by the writing the writing ofthe general prologue of the Canterbury Tales, though one or two of the separatetales may be of slightly earlier composition.
Theeffect of Geoffrey Chaucer’s poetry is moral, but it is inadequate to describeChaucer as a moralist. He is a good listener. Geoffrey Chaucer was called the”Father of English literature,” because Geoffrey Chaucer wrote in the Englishpoetry was still being written in Anglo Norman or Latin. Until less than a yearbefore his death, Chaucer remained Clerk of Works of the Palace of Westminster.He rented a house in the garden of the Lady Chapel ofWestminster Abbey.
After Chaucer death, he was buried in what is now known asPoet’s Corner in Westminster Abbey. So, Geoffrey Chaucerwas one of the greatest writers in the age of Chaucer. He was a British poet, philosopher.
The prose in this period sees the foundation of an English prose style earlierspecimens have been experimental. The language is setting to a standard (Latinand French). French and Latin have amalgamated to form the standard Englishtongue, which attains to its first full expression in the works of Chaucer. Andall of his works was affected by the historical background of the age ofChaucer.