Joseph Turrin’s Arabesque 1990Joseph Turrin has made incredible contributions to the brass and trumpet repertoire. He has written works for brass band, solo trumpet, duets for trombone and trumpet, as well as large works for wind ensemble. Many of his solo trumpet works were written for and recorded by one of the most famous trumpet players in the United States, Philip Smith. Arabesque, is an exciting and challenging piece for two trumpets and piano. Wide leaps and fast passages give the piece its showy-quality. The trumpets play in a call and response style. This piece can also be played with concert band. Henry Purcell’s Sonata for Trumpet and Strings in D Major 1659-1695Henry Purcell was an English composer most well known for his opera, Dido and Aeneas. Although he is most known for his operas, he also wrote for small chamber ensembles, as well as instrumental solos. Like most sonatas at this time, this piece features three movements: 1. Allegro II. Adagio III. Allegro. In most early sonatas with trumpet, the second movement usually omits the trumpet because of the minor key. The trumpet at the time was not able to play chromatic pitches that were used in the minor key. In a sonata all parts are equal. This Baroque piece will be played on a piccolo trumpet, rather than the historically accurate, baroque trumpet. Alexander Godicke’s Concerto, op. 41. Alexander Godicke was a Russian composer who studied piano at the Moscow Conservatory. Although he was never formally trained in composition, he was most known for his use of polyphony, where multiple melodies are heard at one time and classical Russian style where the articulation is more stately and often referred to as “heavy”. Godicke’s Concerto, op. 41, was one of the first major solo pieces written for the valved trumpet. It is one of very few pieces composed for trumpet in the early 20th century. This piece demonstrates virtuosity by demanding different styles, endurance, and flexibility from the trumpet player with the inclusion of lengthy cadenza at the end. The opening trumpet solo is played in an operatic recitative style. The Allegro con Fuoco section demonstrates versatility within the player having to switch between a march style and improvisation. Godicke contributed only one other piece to the trumpet repertoire, Concert Etude, op. 49. Phillipe Gaubert, Cantabile et ScherzettoPhillipe Gaubert (1879-1941) while primarily known as a flutist and composer of flute works, he had a varied career in music, which included his professions of conductor and educator. Cantabile et Scherzetto contains two contrasting sections, cantabile or slowly, and scherzetto meaning fast. The slow section can be compared to an operatic aria where time fluctuates based upon the performers use of rubato. The scherzetto, known as the fast section, light in nature, is reminiscent of a French style, with lighter articulations to better achieve a more dance-like quality.Kevin McKee, Centennial Horizon b. 1980 Centennial Horizon features two opposing movements, Aspen Grove, and Roaring Gunnison with an harmonically unsteady interlude between the movements entitled Alpenglow. The first movement, Aspen Grove contains slow, lyrical, beautiful flowing melodies. The second movement, Roaring Gunnison, is best described as fast and exciting. Both movements require mature skill and technique, making this piece a good work for musical study.With the beauty of Colorado as his inspiration, McKee dedicated the first movement to his grandmother, who loved the state very much. McKee named the piece “Centennial Horizon” because of Colorado’s nickname, “Centennial State” and the beautiful landscapes that can be viewed in Colorado’s Horizon. The piece was commissioned by Catherine Sheridan, and premiered in blankety blank blankZequinha de Abreu arr. Rafael Mendez, Tico-Tico 1917 (1880-1935)Tico-Tico, a piece that helped establish the choro genre, was originally known as “Tico-Tico no Fuba” which translated to “Tico-Tico bird in the cornmeal”. The composer Zequinha Abreu, decided on this title after he watched couples dance to the piece to which he thought they looked like birds eating cornmeal. The piece became popular in the United States after it was featured in the movie, Copacabana, which was screened 30 years after it was composed. Rafael Mendez, one of the world’s greatest trumpet players, arranged the piece for himself and performed it solo. Tico-Tico offers many challenges for the trumpet player such as fast tempos, double tonguing, and chromaticism. Tico-Tico is a lively, fun, Brazilian piece that has been arranged and transcribed in many different genres and styles.