Jodie Morow Professor Aaron Hoffman History 101 December 11, 2017DonatingBloodCommunitiesaround the world are constantly trying to get young people to startvolunteering and do good deeds for their local communities. Persuading young people to take action onlocal issues is great. Spending your free time being able to help out is awonderful feeling inside and out. As Iam still a high school student involved in multiple clubs you come across theseexperiences quite easily. Being involved in Key Club and National HonorsSociety have given me the opportunity to have experience on multiple occasions.
Penn Hills High School tends to have a blood drive once a month. In my personal opinion, I believe that blooddrives have had the biggest impact on me. Themost common question asked is why should I do this? Or how am I going tobenefit from this? Do not be selfish, maybe think about other people’s livesbefore yours for once. Donating blood helps millions of lives. Did you knowthat just one pint of blood can save up to three people’s lives (bnl.gov)? Meknowing that I can save someone’s life by giving just one pint of my bloodgives me an indescribable feeling.
Maybe for someone else cleaning up a yardand making the community look more presentable gives you that feeling, but as Ia nursing student giving blood is just right. Bloodis essential for life (mbc.org).
Blood carries oxygen and nutrients throughoutthe body, fights infections, and heals wounds (mbc.org). One plus to donatingblood is that you can figure out what blood type you are. Knowing your bloodtype is important when in case of an emergency. Accidents can happen at anytime and any place. If for any reason you, a family member, or even a friend ofyours needed blood you could possibly be able to save their life. How would youfeel if someone close to you was dying and the only thing they needed to stayalive was some more blood? You could have just saved that life if the bloodtypes were a match.
The process of giving blood takes ten minutes or less but thebefore process is much longer (bln.gov). Anyone that is 16 years of age, weighsat least 110 pounds is able to donate blood (bln.gov). You are able to donateblood every 56 days (bnl.gov).
That little pinch cannot be as bad as what theyare going through. Every three seconds someone needs blood, and one out ofevery three people that are admitted to the hospital need it as well (bln.gov).One out of every three people will need blood in their lifetime (mbc.org). Also,babies that are born prematurely often need blood to survive (mbc.
org). You maythink that the need for blood is not needed that much, but it is. Severe burnpatients need at least 20 units of platelets during treatments.
(bnl.gov). Bloodand platelets of all types are needed for premature infants, child cancerpatients, and also children having open heart surgery (bnl.gov). People thatare anemic also need blood for transfusions to increase their iron levels(bnl.gov). The need for blood is constant (mbc.
org). In the year 129 AD, Galen was born (Galen). Heis sometimes identified as Galen of Pergamon or Claudius Galen (Galen). ClaudiusGalen was the greatest physician of Ancient Rome (Albu). Hippocrates laid the foundation of Greek Medicineas Galen further developed in theory, practice, and carried Greco-Romanmedicine to its peak (Albu).
The city of Pergamon was wealthy in theEastern Roman Empire (Galen). Pergamon, which today is Turkey, was Galen’sideal place to grow up in a highly active community (Galen). As Galen wasgrowing older he was forced in his father’s footsteps. As his dad had a dreamin Greek God of medicine, Galen must put his effort into healing and medicine(Galen). In favor of medicine, he dropped out of his dream of studying philosophy(Galen). Galen began to think that thisall came about because of Asclepius and that he was in need of much help(Galen).
After12 years, Galen became a physician (Galen). First, he became a trainee doctorat a local hospital, where he learned four years of methods from Satyrus(Galen). As this was occurring he was left with an abundant amount of moneyfrom his father Nicon (Galen).
Traveling around the Mediterranean at just 20years old learning techniques of healing and medicine (Galen). Alexandria’s medical school, where Galenstudied for five years was where he ended his traveling and returning toPergamon at the age of 29 (Galen). Galen was a discoverer (Galen). His methods became known as Galenism (Galen).
As discoveries done with both success and failures, Galen had an experiencewith just both types. He succeeds in many which include, patient pulse, urine,nerves, and more importantly with my topic blood. He is known for his discovery of blood inhuman arteries and for his dissection of the human cranial nerves, the nervesthat supply key areas of the head, face, and upper chest (Medicine Net). Galenhad the first systematic description of the movement of blood (Edwards). Accordingto the Galenic system, blood was created in the liver from ingested food andflows to the right side of the heart (Edwards).
Blood flows through variousplaces throughout your body. For the next 1500 years Galen’s substandard understanding of physiologywas built for the practice of medicine (Edwards). Of course, challenges werefaced, but they were overcome. In the 1200’s, Ibn-al-Nafiz, an Arabphysician, required no visible passage from the right side of the heart to theleft side of the heart (Edwards).
After his study, he traced the pulmonarycirculation (Edwards). In the seventeenth century, William Harvey brought a preciseidea of the circulatory system to the world (Edwards). The volume of blood thatis pumped with each heartbeat but realized that the liver would have to createseveral times the body weight in blood every day if the blood was actuallybeing consumed is the Galenic Theory (Edwards). So, your liver has to create more body weightfor the blood to pump with your heart.
This is when they used animals forexperiments instead of people to see if it would work. They found that ananimal could be completely exsanguinated (the process of blood loss) in amatter of minutes by cutting an artery in Harvey’s experiments (Edwards).Thequantity for blood was restricted (Edwards). This was established throughtesting, using cold-blooded animals, as their circulation could be sloweddown (Edwards). If they would have usedhumans for the test trials a lot of people would have died. Today, we usepeople for trials when it has been shown to already work on an animal. Backthen, technology use and medical use were not as intense as it is today, thatwas just the start of it all.
Givingblood plays an important role in today’s society. As you can see that in orderfor certain procedures to go smoothly you will need extra blood as aprecaution. People tend to not donate anymore because they don’t see a reasonfor it, I just gave you the reasons, saving lives.
We see younger peoplepassing away from unexpected accidents, but if there was a way to stop it youcould. This, for instance, is a way to save a life, giving blood just once topossibly save three people’s lives. After the semester is completed I willcontinue to donate to save lives each and every day.