Jobs thatinvolve genuine creativity, such as being an artist, being a scientist,developing a new business strategy have a much lower chance of being swallowedup by automation as a computer can’t be creative. On the other hand, it couldbe that in 20 years a computer will be the most creative entity on the planet.There are already computers that can paint original works of art. Who knowswhat will happen in the next 20 to 30 years, who knows what robots will be ableto do.
The fact thattechnological change can cause short-term job losses has now been accepted. Theview that it can lead to lasting increases in unemployment has been dividedinto people who think robots will be helpful and people who don’t. Optimists thinkthat innovation will be harmful to jobs in the short term, but have the opinionthat innovative technologies will be helpful to almost everybody in the longterm, whereas pessimists have the opinion that at least in some occasions, newtechnologies will thoroughly limit the amount of jobs that will be available tothe majority of the Earth’s population. In the 21st century, robots arebeginning to perform roles not just in manufacturing, but in the service sectorfor example in healthcare. The robots also perform these jobs to a much higherstandard than a human could be capable to. Research has found that far morejobs are at risk in the US than compared to other major producing countriesaround the world 30 percent of UK jobs, 17 percent in Germany and 21 percent inJapan.
In the 20thcentury there was far less job loss than there is now this is because therewere far fewer robots and the limited robots that there were could not doanything of significance and so were redundant to use on a large scale as theycouldn’t do any job better than a human can. Surely this means that Robots arethe cause of job loss because when robots are introduced the jobs that are atrisk increase dramatically. It has found that people who are in jobs which payless than $20 per hour have the highest chance of being unemployed and havingtheir jobs being filled by robots in the next few years. However, for workerswho earn more than $20 have only a 31 percent chance of finding themselvesunemployed. An interesting fact is that people paid $40 an hour have only a 4percent chance of robots taking over.
Most workers in the UK work in transportation and storage,retail, manufacturing which are all jobs which have a high chance of automationin the very near future