INDO-US during the post-cold war era. The big change


After the end of cold war
the world political system had totally changed and US hegemony was established.
In Post cold war period, the significant change in trade system, political
economy and patterns of investment brought new relationships between the
nations. In changing the world scenario the US is worried to establish a
framework of hierarchical power, in which small states are consider accountable
to higher level and this element is most important in modern system of state.
US became a world supper power after cold war and arranged the new world order
according to the liberal ideologies and its security requirements. Francis
Fakuyama wrote in his book “The End of History and the Last Man”: “We are
witnessing not just the end of the cold war, or the passing of a particular
period of history, but the end of history as such; that is, the end point of
mankind’s ideological evolution and the universalization of Western liberal
democracy as the final form of human government” (Kapur 2002, p. 533) But Osama
bin Laden’s actions and reports challenged this phenomenon and gave a new way
of thoughts to understand the world political system. Because the 9/11
terrorist attacks on World Trades Center totally changed the world political
system. America adopted the unilateral policy towards the international
politics and shifted her attention from nuclear non-proliferation to terrorism,
and energy security for maintain the regional stability. The doctrine of
‘pre-emptive strike’ and avoiding the rules of United Nations became the major
theme of its policy. India relations with the US were much closed during the post-cold
war era. The big change occurred in the relations of India and US, when Clinton
elected second time and Indian Bhartiya Janta Party (BJP) came into power in
1997. The new Indian government established very warm relationship with Clinton
administration and eliminated the policy of ‘estrangement’. Indo-US relation
during the cold war was not satisfactory according the American sense. Major
reason of those relations was the cold war structure; because during the cold
war India attached herself with the Soviet block. So that type of Indian policy
against the US, which was  against the
communist bloc. After the cold war scenario, a dramatically changed in the
Indian policies and according to the new world situation US re-evaluated its
relations with India. For the past situation, a former US Ambassador of India
William Saxby, remembered that he met with Hennery Kissinger, when he was the
US secretary of state, he said, “The less I hear from you and less I hear about
India, the happier and will be”. (Hathaway 2003, p. 6) In April 2001 the George
Bush explained that his administration “had high expectation for US-India
relation”. (Hathaway 2003, p. 6) A day before terrorist attack an US official
was explaining about the Bush administration’s program to “suspend all nuclear
related sanctions on India, while living in place many sanctions that limited
and to Pakistan”. (Feinstein, 2002)

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