In this essay I will discuss the term occupation andoccupational performance and how various occupations can contribute to humanhealth and well-being. Occupational therapy is the use of an activity toresolve any physical injury, or illness, psychosocial dysfunction, developmentalor learning disabilities. An ‘occupation’ is any activity performed by anindividual, Wilcock and Hocking (2015).
OccupationalTherapists agree that there is a strong relationship between taking part in anoccupation, health and well-being. Occupations are activities that are engaged ineveryday, what people spend time and energy completing, Wilcock and Hocking,(2015). Occupation can be anintervention to improve health, and any occupation chosen will be that ofclient preference and which have therapeutic value, J. Taylor (2005).
Reed & Sanderson (1999)pg3 describe occupation as, the word ‘occupy’ isto employ the mind and engage in something, and therapy will treat disease, concludingoccupational therapy practise is to treat disease by engaging a persons mind inoccupation. Occupation is to be’occupied’ and to be in charge of time and space and to engage in familiarthings that people do everyday, American OT Association. Occupation’s is to actively look after ourselves andothers and be socially and economically available. Occupations are considered necessary forhealth and well-being, Kielhofner (2009). Occupation or a goal set activity isa procedure to improve human performance in various roles i.e. self-care, work,and play. These procedures begin intheory and research which links the physical, phychological, cognitive, andemotional capabilities of human performance to the person’s attitudes,motivation, values, interests, habits living environments, and culture, Levine& Brayley (1991).
Wilcock (1998)came up with an amalgamation describing occupation as of ‘doing, being andbecoming’. Activities are the ‘doing’ process of occupation with a directed approachtowards achieving goals through occupation, (Creek 2010). Well-being is a subjective experience, everyone has adifferent outcome and experience, consisting of feelings of comfort, pleasure,and health, Schmidt, (2005). Peopleexperience well-being by adopting an occupation that meets their values andpreferences, this supports their plans, goals, occupational identities andtheir ability to carry out their valued roles competently,Townsend&Polatajko (2007). Since the early 20th century the occupationtherapy profession has been involved with looking at occupation and its linksto health and-well-being, Molineux, (2004).
In the first Occupational Therapyparadigm it was established that occupation was a basic human need,Townsend&Polatajko, (2007). DuringOccupation-based intervention, occupational therapists prescribe relevantoccupations as their means to achieve goals related to performance. Occupational performance concentrates on theability to perceive, want, recall, plan and contribute to roles, routines,tasks and sub-tasks for the purpose of self-maintenance, productivity, leisureand rest in accordance and response to demands of the internal and/or externalenvironment, Reed, K. (1984). Occupational Performance is looking at the activitywithin the occupation, and how the person can carry out the activity requiredfor daily living.
of occupational therapy.