In this essay, I will discuss how Christianity plays an extremelyimportant role within Kierkegaard and Nietzsche’s philosophies. First, I willgive a detailed account of how both Nietzsche and Kierkegaard view Christianity.Then, I will provide an account of each philosopher’s individual account on itsown. Finally, I will elaborate on how the two respective accounts are similarand different.
Kierkegaard valued Christianity as a philosopher. In his writingsand throughout everyday life, religion was a very important aspect. Kierkegaardconsidered himself as a religious writer whose main goal though his writingswere to clarify the existential needs of the Christian faith. Kierkegaardclaims that there is an absolute duty to God above anything else.
He does notgive a definition of the faith and he does not explain how to achieve thisfaith with God. He solely assumes the power and the presence of God. He believesthat the individual should to find faith because that’s how God judges foreternity. He believes that the church and the leaders of the church failed touphold the right of the cross.
It was not about the power the church thatangered Kierkegaard. He thought the church and its leaders did not teach the faithfulway to live up to the standards of the gospel. Kierkegaard makes it known thatGod’s love for people is though Jesus Christ.Kierkegaardbelieveslife has three stages.
He believes each person should decide for himself how toapproach these ways of life, but his goal is to reach the last stage of life. Kierkegaardclaims that the decisions a person makes always requires a passion. To him decisionsare important in life but they are not more important than the passion that thedecision was made with. The three ways of life are the aesthetic, the ethical, andthe religious. He used these way of life to tell the story of Isaac and Abraham.The aesthetic life is where one acts on their own experience, the ethical lifeis where one acts upon the desire of the universal law not individual pleasure,and the religious life acts upon the relationship with God.
Abraham tries to transcendfrom the ethical life to the religious life. Johannes says that the religiousis not ethical, the religious is superior. He points out each deed of Abraham’slife and what would be done if he were a part of the ethical life perfectly. Thislets Abraham experience the delay of the ethical life into the religious life. ToKierkegaard, the religious life is the utmost form of life and he says theperson is more important than the society as a whole. Nietzsche valued religion as a philosopher though his writingsbut in a different viewpoint of Christianity. Nietzsche claims that the modern inheritor ofChristianity is science.
The origin of Christianity’s reinvention to Nietzscheis morality. Nietzsche’s believed that there once were two groups withinhumanity that needed each other to survive within the world. The first group ofpeople were exemplified by nobility and power while the other group of peoplewere exemplified by weakness and anger. The noble and powerful were defined as the’good’, while the weak and poor were defined as ‘evil’.
After a while the weak overthrewthe nobles and redefined the morality. The more powerful are now redefined asthe ‘evil’, while the weaker were redefined as the ‘good’. Nietzsche claims thereversal of ‘good’ became ‘evil’ and ‘evil’ became ‘good’ is the inversion of Christianity. Nietzsche also believed that God was dead. IfGod is not dead, there would be foundation on him. Nietzsche’s believed that ifGod did really exist, then he is simply too apathetic to reveal himself. He believesthat Christianity is not true and it is something Christians want to believein.
He believes that the Christian faith is irrational because it is not basedon reason it is based on faith. Nietzsche’s believes that religion is subjective.He believes that there is no absolute truth. Nietzsche’s taught that truth wassubjective to the ethnicity and language that was around it. He also believedthat there was no such thing as truth there were only interpretations.
Nietzsche’ssays people should be themselves, the weak will be weak, and the strong should bestrong. He says people will only dothings that will help themselves and our choices have no power because there isno God to tell people right from evil. Kierkegaard and Nietzsche both useChristianity as the center of each of their philosophies.
Though both philosophershad discussed Christian religion, there were contrasting and views and similaritiesthroughout each philosopher. Both Kierkegaard and Nietzsche differ based upon organizedreligion. Kierkegaard and Nietzsche’s both believe that the kind of ethical changesthat are most needful must be the changes of that one individuals whole meaningand way of life.
The contrast between the two philosophers is very clear.Kierkegaard believes an aesthete can change but only by themselves, and Nietzsche’sbelieves that people cannot change and some things are just the way that theyare. Kierkegaard and Nietzsche’s both believe that truth within the religion isvery subjective, however only Kierkegaard recognizes the significance of objectivityrole within Christianity. Kierkegaard believes that individual is only guidedby the truth and will of God. He clearly believes in the faith-based principleand it is necessary for the individual to live a godly life.
On the other hand,Nietzsche’s claims God is dead. Nietzsche does not believe that faith and truthare real and faith has no place in reason. He does not Kierkegaard does notattack Christianity, while Nietzsche condemns the Christian faith on a regular basis.He believes Christianity as an extension of the master-slave mentality.
Kierkegaardbelieves in God, while Nietzsche differentiates to atheism. In this essay, I have discussed how Christianityplays an extremely important role within Kierkegaard and Nietzsche’sphilosophies. First, I gave a detailed account of how both Nietzsche and Kierkegaardview Christianity. Then, I gave an account of each philosopher’s individual accounton its own. In conclusion, I clarified the simulates and differences between Kierkegaardand Nietzsche’s view of Christianity.