In developing countries, andcountries that have been plagued by violence, conflict and instability, cleanand accessible water should be available.
However, this is not the case. Thereis sufficient water on our planet, but due to poor infrastructure, millions,and in particular children, die from diseases corresponding to lack of cleanwater such as malaria or cholera. If it remains the same, it is predicted thatby 2050, at least one in four people are likely to live in a country affectedby shortages of fresh water. 1According to UNICEF, almost 200million people who live in countries in the middle of a war crisis have limitedto no access to clean drinking water. For example, in Syria, which has been inwar for nearly eight years, water has been used as a weapon, with severaldeliberate water cuts, and contaminations.
This resulted around 15 million people,including 6.4 million children in need of clean water. Sanjay Wijesekera,UNICEF’s global chief of water, sanitation and hygiene said, “Children’s accessto safe water and sanitation, especially in conflicts and emergencies, is aright, not a privilege 2.” The diseases related to unsanitary waterremain among the major causes of death in children; more than 800 children. Furthermore,over than 2 million people die every year from diarrheal diseases. Unsafe wateris responsible for nearly 90 per cent of these deaths.
By managing our water ina sustainable manner, production of food and energy would be better managed,and it would help contribute to economic growth. 3By keeping governments accountable,the UN is ensuring the comprehensive research on development of watersanitation. Also, through raising awareness using campaigns such as World WaterWeek, it hopes to provide information on water hygiene and the issues regardingit in the developing countries and the ones under war crisis. 3