In the total number of telephone users, India’stelecommunication network is the second largest in the world. The wordtechnology derived from the Greek word “techne”, which means art or skill usedto solve a problem, improve solution to a problem, achieve goal, handle anapplied input/output relation or perform a specific function. As the standardof living in India will improves through technology making, modification,usage, knowledge of tools, machines, techniques.
Last 200 years there has been a significantchanges in the term of technology. Every day new technologies are being createdand it will create more attention of the children and made them to use it oneveryday life. However, technology was not been used for the peaceful purposeand create issues like stress, depression, feeling of loneliness, isolation.The children are becoming dependent and create more mental health problem amongthem which cannot be easily solved by them.
The mobile users in India are almost childrenin the category of male. ADDICTION TO TECHNOLOGY The term addiction means is the highdegree of likeness toward a particular thing or subject. Technology addictionis the broad category which refers to the uncontrollable usage of technologicaldevices namely, mobile phone, computers, gaming system, social networking site,internet addiction and so on. Recently, information technologies are moreattracting the attention of present generation. Addiction is the continuedrepetition of a behavior and can be a neurological impairments which leads to anegative consequences (American Society for Addiction Medicine, 2012). Present days, most of the childrenare spending too much of their time in the technology. Long term usage of technologycan lead to psychological problems such as stress, depression, irritabilityloneliness. Attitude changes in children, the sudden depression, loss ofself-esteem and problems in paying attention to study are often symptoms ofinternet addiction (Young 1998).
Children’s are particularly more vulnerable totechnology addiction and have poor coping mechanism. Most of the children’sstruggle to understand how to present themselves and by the mean timetechnology help them in doing so.MENTAL HEALTH Mental Health as a state of well-being in whichevery individual realizes his or her own potential, can cope with the normalstresses of life, can work productivity and fruitfully, and is able to makecontribution to his or her community (WHO, 1950).Mental Health is necessary forcomplete functioning of the mind. It is a basic condition for the growth ofmind. Mental Illness renders a person incapable of coping with reality and robshim of the desire to respond constructively to stress and change and not merelyto adjust to these factors. It’s a person’s condition with regard to theirpsychological and emotional well-being.
It’s is about how people feel aboutthemselves, how they feel about others, and how they are able to meet thedemands of the life. It is a kind of mental illness refers to general mentalproblems can experience in certain stressful circumstances. For example, workpressure cause poor concentration, mood swings and sleep disturbance. But,those problems being temporary and the demands of a particular situation makesus and response to support and reassurance. The consequences of addiction i.e.addiction to technology is the effect of it upon health particularly on mentalhealth.
REVIEWOF LITERATUREAdrianaBianchi and et al.(2005),study sought to predict the problematic mobile phone usage. 195 subjects ofboth genders and average of 36 were interviewed. Results lead to creation ofmobile phone problem use scale. Being extraverted, possessing low self-esteem,and being young was the behavioral predictors influenced by the use of cellphone.
HyunYoung Koo and Hyun Sook Park (2010), 548 students were asked to fill out aquestionnaire of usage of their cell phone. The results were under 89% of therespondents were the average users of cell phone. 8.4% belonged to heavy usersand 2.9% completely addicted to their cell phone.
Laniganet al. (2009), sample of 97internet user, 89 % of participants observed that the PC impacted their familyrelations. 45% quoted positive impact, 24% of the respondents had mixed impactand 20% of them were mostly negative impact.Prensky(2005),described thewords of Japanese student – If you lose your mobile phone you lose part of yourbrain. The above statement truly reproduces the content of personification. Thenew developed technology environment presented an exceptional array ofpossibilities for communication, interaction, and information at the fingertipswas not available before.Smith(2011), 68% of therespondents uses smart phone for the access of internet or email, 25% of themfor online purpose, rather than with a PC. This indicated that, smart phonesreplaced the PCs as an access to the internet.
X.Sanchez-Carbonell et al.(2008),says that the cell phone can be used in a maladaptive way and it should beconsidered as an abuse and not addiction. Result shows that the Internet doespose addiction but the cell phones do not promote rapid emotional charges.OBJECTIVES· Toidentify the various factors influencing the children to use the mobile phone.
· Toexamine the time spend by the children in the mobile phone.· Tostudy the impact of mobile phone usage on children in mental health.RESEARCHMETHODOLOGYThe researcher adopted descriptive design and used questionnairefor collecting data from the respondents. Descriptive research design describesthe characteristics of a particular group or individual. This study revealsthe attempt to find the time spent in the mobile phone, purpose behind theusage, and its impacts on mental health.Thedata collected by questionnaire were chosen and analyzed to enable theresearcher to make the estimates of precision and generality of the findings. A common strategy of this sampling technique is to selectcases that are judged to be typical of the population, in which one isinterested, assuming that errors of judgment in the selection will tend tocounterbalance each other (Lal Das, 2008).
SAMPLE SIZE AND DATACOLLECTION From the total student’s populationin the pump house area in tirupur, 250 children between the age group of 10 –18 were chosen purposively as sample size for the study and the data wascollected through an open-ended and closed-ended questionnaire. LIMITATIONS OF THESTUDY· This study focus onchildren between the age group of 10 – 18 years only and not focus on other agegroups.· There are many factorsinfluencing the mental health of children, but here it was confined.DATA ANALYSIS ANDINTERPRETATIONTable – 1 Demographic Details Variable Respondents Total Percentage Gender Male 162 65 % Female 88 35 % Age 10 – 14 51 20 % 15 – 18 199 80 % Time Spent on Mobile Phone Less than 1 25 10 % 1 – 2 38 15 % 3 – 5 68 27 % 6 Above 119 48 % Having internet on mobiles Yes 208 83 % No 42 17 % Purpose of Mobile Phone Internet usage (Whatsapp, you tube, face book etc.,) 109 44 % Gaming 88 35 % Chatting with friend/relative etc.
, (SMS) 26 10 % Assuming in different world 12 5 % All the above 15 6 % Theabove table shows the demographical details of the study. Out of 250respondents 65% were belongs to the category of male whereas female was 35%.Majority of the respondents (80%) between the age group of 15-18 years, 20%related to 10-14 years.
Nearly half of the respondents (48%) were spent 6 hoursand above time on mobile phone. 83% of the respondents were having the interneton their mobile phone. Nearly half of the respondent, 44% using mobile phonefor the purpose of Internet Usage. Table – 2 LogicalThinking and Memory Respondents use Mobile Phone per day % of respondents having logical thinking problem 1 – 2 hours 17 % 3 – 5 hours 28 % >6 hours 55 % Table2 displays the logical thinking and memory status of the respondents. Abovehalf of the respondents (55%) using mobile phone more than 6 hours are havingthe logical thinking problem, whereas this problem is limited 28% ofrespondents using the mobile phone for 3-5 hours and 17% in the case of theusers of 1-2 hours. This problem is seen to be normal in the latter two casesbut in the first case it is significant.
Table – 3 ConsciousLevel Respondents use Mobile Phone per day % of respondents having low consciousness 1 – 2 hours 18 % 3 – 5 hours 39 % >6 hours 43 % Above 43% of the respondents usingthe mobile phone of more than 6 hours are low consciousness about themselvesand having problem in taking any kind of decisions. 39% of them using themobile phone between the duration of 3-5 hours. The remaining 18% comes underthe category of 1-2 hours.
This table means the addiction of mobile phonehaving negative impacts on consciousness level of the respondents.Table – 4 Mental Stability Respondents use Mobile Phone per day % of respondents worry excessively 1 – 2 hours 22 % 3 – 5 hours 35 % >6 hours 43 % Theabove table explicit the type of worries personality are vulnerable to anyreverse situation in life. Based on the above data, 43% of the respondentsusing mobile phone on above 6 hours leads worry excessively. 35% of them using3-5 hours gradually and 22% of the respondents using mobile phones around 1-2hours. MAJOR FINDINGS· Majority of therespondents (65%) almost were belongs to the category of male.
· Majority of therespondents (80%) between the age group of 15-18 years. · Nearly half of therespondents (48%) were spent 6 hours and above time on mobile phone.· 83% of the respondentswere having the internet on their mobile phone.· Nearly half of therespondent (44%) using mobile phone for the purpose of Internet Usage.
· Above half of therespondents (55%) using mobile phone more than 6 hours are having the logicalthinking problem.· Above 43% of therespondents using the mobile phone of more than 6 hours are low consciousnessabout themselves and having problem in taking any kind of decisions.· Nearly half of therespondents(43%) of the respondents using mobile phone on above 6 hours leads mentalstability.CONCLUSIONThepresent study deliver the sense that we are living in a world of knowledge,technology and facilitate the investigation of cell phone usage of the childrenin Tirupur district. Changes are very common and very fast on the scientificworld. Mobile phone usage is strongly incorporated into the children mentalhealth aspects, such as mobile phone usage interposing their day-to-dayactivities of the respondents. The characteristics of those children at risk ofdeveloping an over involvement with their mobile phones.
Hence, one must learnhow to exercise the control and know what is the important and what is notimportant.