In the United States, overweight andobesity have reached epidemic proportions. 149.
3 million Americans over the age of 20 are overweight or obese(Mabachi, 2012). They can combatoverweight and obesity by consuming unprocessed, healthy, fresh foods daily. Unfortunately all Americans do not have thesame access these foods (Mabachi, 2012). The communities that often have limited access to unprocessed, freshfoods include: low-income, minority, and urban neighborhoods. The principle of CBPRthat can be applied to overweight and obesity is cyclical and iterative research. This type of research includes the followingsteps: “partnership development and maintenance, community assessment, problemdefinition, development of research methodology, data collection and analysis,interpretation of data, determination of action and policy implications,dissemination of results, action taking (as appropriate), specification oflearnings, and establishment of mechanisms for sustainability” (Coreil, 2009,p. 277). Cyclical and iterative researchshould ideally work in a circular pattern, as one problem is resolved, otherissues requiring attention are identified through research, and the processbegins again.
(Coreil, 2009, p. 277)Using the cyclical and iterativeresearch principle of CBPR on the Argentine neighborhood of Kansas City,Kansas, can help combat overweight and obesity in low-income, minority, urbanneighborhoods by improving access to healthy, fresh foods (Mabachi, 2012). Some examples are: establish the food needsof the community by conducting a door-to-door Community Foods AssessmentSurvey; involve residents in community-wide talks to solicit ideas and identifycommunity strengths and weaknesses to improving access to healthy, culturallyappropriate foods; and synthesize key ideas and strategies into a business planfor the community to use as part of their overall strategy to improve access tohealthy foods (Mabachi, 2012).Coreil, J. (Ed.). (2009). Social andbehavioral foundations of public health (2nd ed.
). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Mabachi, N.
M., & Kimminau, K. S.(2012). Leveraging community-academic partnerships to improve healthy foodaccess in an urban, Kansas City, Kansas, community. Progress in CommunityHealth Partnerships, 6(3), 279–288.