Foragingactivity is measured by using different parameters including, the foraging commencementor/and cessation time (Joshi and Joshi 2010, Mattu et al.
, 2012, Tan et al.,2012) Otherparameters related to foraging activity and the visiting of plants include, thenumber of foragers per flower and time spent per flower(Sushil et al.,2013); nectar andpollen collection method from the blooms(MacKenzie 1994); the proportion of pollen ornectar foragers relative to total foragers; (Riddell Pearceet al., 2013)Theresting time of bees on the flower is the time spend fromthe moment it descends to the moment when she left the flower, and thetravelling time is known as the time it takes for bees to travelle from flowerto another flower of the same plant (Steel et al.,1980)In1989 Herrera noted that there was a relationship between the length of thebee’s mouth and the length of its resting time on the flower, long-tonguedspecies such as Anthophora quadrifasciata, whose length of mouth parts was 11.1 mm long, were resting time found to be 0.
8 seconds, while Honey bees which has a length of 5.1 mmof her mouth parts and a resting time of3.6 seconds and that indicates that thelonger it is the bees’ mouths are shorter resting time, the shorter the length of time on the flower, and (Willmer et al.,1994) confirmed that with honeybeeswould be visited by the flower of the Glen Clova 11.53 seconds, the Glen Prosen10.49 seconds, the 21.42 seconds on the Glen Moy flowers, and the length oftime spent in flower is also different from one plant to another, for theflower of the plant Clova 3.27 seconds, and the flower of the plant Glen Moy4.
35 seconds and 4 seconds on the flower of the plant Glen Prosen. Bataw and Intisar (2001) also noted that theresting time length of honey bees on Rosmarinus officinalis was 1.32seconds and the travelling time were 1.
5 seconds.In2004, Gegear and Laverty tested two species of Apis mellifera and Bombusspp. during the visit to two types of flowers (yellow flowers – blue flowers),the study showed that the honey bee high stability on one type of flowers andtook longer time in the movement between flowers and the length of standing onflowers did not differ significantly between the two types, as confirmed by (Fahn and Shimony 2001) on Lysioglossum spp. showlong resting period on Ecballium spp., while the Ceratina beesshowed a short resting time on the same flowers. The difference in the restingand travelling time changing accordingto the type of plant and reward sponsored by the bees, and the length of timebees stand on the flowers when visiting depends on the type and quantity ofnectar and pollen(Harder 1986).
YeboahGyanand Woodell pointed out in 1987 that honeybees were collected for pollen fromthe flowers of the plant of Rubus fruticusus in the early morning andmay be due to the low concentration of sugar in the nectar because of high humidity and generallycollected pollen by bees increased during the day and extend to what betweennoon and afternoon.,(Corbet and Delfosse 1984) noticed that honeybees collectpollen of Echium pgantagineum only when the concentration of nectar isless than 35%.In astudy conducted by researchers Sazima and Feritas in 2003 on the flower of Violaspp pointed out that the primary pollinator of the flowers of this plantare females belonging to bees Andrena spp, which is mainly looking atthe pollen by shaking the flower and the researchers pointed out that the malesof this species circled around the flower clusters to feed on nectar and represent secondary pollinators, (Giurfa and Núñez 1992) concluded that honeybees usedthe smell of past Of flowers to avoid the lack of content of the nectar. This study was conducted to identify thebehavior of hon