Exposure to smog can lead to severaldifferent types of short-term health problems due to its ozone content. Theseinclude following Health Problem:Coughing and throat or chest irritation: High levels of ozone can irritate your respiratorysystem, generally lasting for a few hours after you’ve been exposed to smog.However, ozone can continue to harm your lungs even after symptoms disappear.Worsening of asthma symptoms: If you suffer from asthma, exposure to highlevels of ozone from smog can trigger asthma attacks.
Difficulty breathing and lung damage: Smog can make it feel difficult to breathedeeply, especially during exercise, according to the Mayo Clinic. This isbecause of the effects of ozone on lung function.Smog disastersare becoming more and more frequent and may cause severe consequences on theenvironment and public health, especially in urban areas. High death rates were observed inareas with elevated ambient pollution levels. It was estimated that more than2million premature baby deaths in China and in India are caused by smog. The immediate effect wasan increase in pneumonia deaths. The terms “acute respiratory distress syndrome” or “acute lunginjury” are often used to describe many pneumonia deaths.
Numerous well-studiedcases, including diseases of the heart, lung, skin and eye, reproduction,nervous system, inflammatory response and cancer are strongly related to smog exposure. (L, J, X, A, & ME)Quantitative research andexploratory and confirmatory factor analysis were used to contribute to theliterature on risk perception by developing dimensions of smog risk perception,namely, physical health risk perception,mental health risk perception, livingcost perception and government control perception. I am engaged in the logistics industry. Poorvisibility in the smog weather conditions not only affect the work enthusiasmbut also increasethe risk of job-related injuries, thereby affecting work efficiency. Pungentsmell on the way to work makes me feel so depressed that I can’t have apositive work status. I feel depressed easily in the smog weather conditionsresulting in negative work status and low work efficiency. (Yue, Chen, & Long)Great smog of 1952 alsoknown as Big Smoke was an episode of severe air-pollution that affected Londonin December 1952.
It was really a collection of airborne particles, arisingmostly from the use of coal, culminating in a thick layer of smog over thecity, lasting 5days (from 5–9 December 1952) and then dispersing as quickly asit came Several cardiovasculardiseases are associated with pollution acute myocardial infarction, heartfailure, cardiac arrhythmias, atherosclerosis andcardiac arrest Airpollution has adverse effects on health, particularly CVS. It can precipitateAMI, heart failure, arrhythmia and even cardiac arrest. Air pollution withparticulate matter (both fine and coarse) has been correlated to both CVS andtotal mortality. While intervention at societal level is most effective somepersonal steps can be taken to reduce its risk. (WP & J)The acute health effectsof exposure to a short summer smog episode, with 8-hours average ozone levelsexceeding 120 c(glm3, were investigated in 212 primary school children. Field studies at children’ssummer camps failed to find increases in symptoms despite decrements in lungfunction, which were proportional to ambient O3 concentrations. The results ofthe present study are similar although we observed a slightly increased numberof children reporting eye irritation. It has been demonstrated thatphotochemical air pollution is a causative factor in eye irritation.
Howeverthis has been ascribed to non-ozone components of the photochemical mixture andoccurs when ozone levels are about 200 (0.1 ppm) 25, thus somewhathigher than they were in this study. ( Cuijpers, Swaen, & Wesselingb) Hydrocarbon components (propylene, simulated auto exhaust, or authenticauto exhaust) were irradiated in the presence of nitric oxide in large chambersinstrumented for measurements of numerous variables. Eye irritation wasmeasured using a selected panel of human subjects.
The various dependentvariables are presented as functions of the reactant concentrations by means ofcontour diagrams derived by computer treatment. The effect of”hydrocarbon” and nitric oxide levels on smog effects are discussed;the observedrelationships between end effects and reaction rates are considered. The studysimulated the effects of varying degrees of vehicular emissions control overone or both reactants and has a bearing on the establishment of vehicleemission standards in California. Ozone may characterizephotochemical smog, but the eye irritation which tends to accompany it is thefeature which the public finds most objectionable. The concentrationdependence ofozone and, hence, the effects of various control regimes may be seen from the combinedpropylene study chart.
( J. GORDON, CYRIL ROMANOVSKY, & M. INGELS)