Committees are established in the Senate and House of Representatives because of the the high volume of complexity of their tasks. Both the Senate and House have twenty standing committees. The Senate and the House of Representatives committee systems are similar but have their own guidelines. This essay gives a background on the Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs and the House Homeland Security Committee, as well as compare and contrast the two committees. After the tragic terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001 and the Homeland Security Act of 2002 the Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee came to be. The Committee has three subcommittees; Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations (PSI), Federal Spending Oversight and Emergency Management (FSO), Regulatory Affairs and Federal Management (RAFM). The Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee has had a total of four Committee Chairmen. The current Committee Chairmen is Republican Senator Ron Johnson of Wisconsin. It currently has a majority party of Republicans since it has eight Republicans and seven Democrats. In addition to overlooking governmental affairs, the Committee also is in charge of legislation, messages, petitions, and memorials relating to the Department of Homeland Security. The Committee has introduced and passed a number of bills to improve the Department of Homeland Security and ensure America’s safety. The House Homeland Security Committee was also established in 2002. It was established to protect the American people against a possible terrorist attack because of 9/11. According to their government website, the Committee has passed bills on homeland security to prevent terrorist attacks, securing our borders, protect citizens and the country against cyber attacks, making sure the Department of Homeland Security runs efficiently, and protect the U.S. from international and domestic threats. Subcommittees include Border and Maritime Security, Counterterrorism and Intelligence, Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Protection, Emergency Preparedness, Response and Communications, Oversight and Management Efficiency, and Transportation and Protective Security. The Chairman of this Committee is Republican Michael McCaul from Texas. The House Homeland Security Committee also has a majority party of Republicans as it has seventeen Republicans and twelve Democrats. Both Committees main responsibility is Homeland Security and protecting this country from any form of attack. September 11, 2001 was an eye opener for the U.S. because it showed how unprotected we really were. Due to the mass number of damage and loss from 9/11, the people wanted to feel safe and agreed with the responsibilities of Homeland Security. There has been controversial issues such as immigration and civil rights and liberties of individuals. The debate is whether the safety of the country as a whole is more important than the safety, rights and privacy of individuals. Both Committees have similar names and sound as if they do the same job but their duties are different. The Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs has broad jurisdiction over government operations and the Department of Homeland Security. The House Committee on Homeland Security has jurisdiction over matters related to national defense.