ChristopherColumbus (1451-1506) was an Italian trader, explorer and navigator.
He was bornin Genoa, Italy. In 1492, a new world had been founded by this man. Many peoplein Western of Europe want the shorter way to get to Asia. At that time, hedidn’t have enough money to pay for the voyage. So he ask for the King andQueen of Spain, Ferdinand II and Isabelle I to pay for this trip.
His purposedof this trip was reached to Asia, where had plenty of gold, pearls and spices.Then Columbus thought he could get to Asia by sailing west. His journey hasbeen through three voyages. InAugust 3rd, 1492, Columbus and his sailors left Spain in threeships: Santa Maria, Pinta, Santa Clara. In October 12th, 1492, hiscrew landed on a small island in Bahamas called Guanahani. Columbus named itSan Salvador Island because he claimed it as Spain.
After searching the islandthey met Arawak and Taino whose Columbus called as Indians. Then they sailed toCuba – the country of tobacco and Hispaniola and built Navidad, a fort with aname meant Christmas. It was the first European military bases in Western Hem.But he didn’t forget his main purpose that to find gold, so he took someArawaks as prisoners and ordered them to lead him to take gold, but he failed. InSeptember 24th, 1493, Columbus left Spain to make Spanish coloniesin New World. Explored some of the islands of Lesser Antilles, aroundHispaniola, Jamaica and Cuba. After the first voyage, Columbus had developedhis crew. His crew have 17 ships and 1200 sailors including soldiers, farmersand priests to convert natives to Christianity.
Then he went back to Navidadbut it had burnt down and 37 soldiers were buried and the rest disappeared. Themain reasons were diseases and fought with Arawak people. And while Columbusexploring Jamaica and Cuba, his soldiers stopped building fort and farms andasked Arawak people to give them food but didn’t work too much. Then theytrying to steal and raped Arawak women. After every conflicts, the Arawakfought back but they’ve failed because lack of weapon. On his conquer, Columbusmade people who greater than 14 years old to give him certain amount of goldevery 3 months.
If not, his man would cut off their hands and leave bleed todeath. About 10000 people died because of that strict. Many tried to run awaybut can’t because Columbus had tons of dogs and hunt them down. On February,1495, Columbus captured 1500 Taino for trade but they’ve died nearly half ontheir trip.
In1498, to find a continent South-west of Cape Verde islands as King John IIordered. Queen Isabelle reminded Columbus that he should treat people on theisland well to convert them to Christians. 3 ships straight to West Indies, 3ships to Portugese island, Canary Islands and Cape Verde. After left CapeVerde, they sailed to the Northern Coast of South America and landed inTrinidad. He also explored more land in South America which now are called Tobagoand Grenada.
In August 19th, 1498, he and his crew returned toHispaniola, many settlers were unhappy because they think they can have moregold in the New World. Columbus give settlers land in Hispaniola to keep themhappy but he failed. The settlers sending complaints to Spain. In 1499, QueenIsabelle sent Francisco de Bobadilla to Hispaniola and gave him all the powerto do everything on the island.
In 1500, he arrived and the first thing he didwas arrested Columbus and sent him back to Spain. FindingAmerica had made a root of a development of the Americas. From that period,many countries were created and lead to a developed continent as daytime.Nearly10 years, Columbus had discovered a huge part of the world where we called theNew World.
After his conquer, people from Europe start to migrate to the NewWorld for a new life and better live conditions. In 1506, Columbus died becauseof heart failure and arthristis in Spain. People will remember Columbus as afounder of the New World.