Chile is situated in the southern part of South America, it has a long and narrow shape with an average width of 110 miles, and it is located between Argentina and Peru. Its capital, Santiago, is located in the central part of Chile. Chile stretches across 756,102 square kilometers of land. The northern part of Chile borders both Peru and Bolivia while the eastern part neighbours Argentina. The long and narrow shape of Chile creates an assortment of climates in the country; this include the Northern tropical climate and the Southern sub Antarctic climate. There is an ongoing geopolitical conflict happening between Chile and Bolivia, which can be traced back from when Bolivia lost its maritime territory and entry into the Pacific Ocean. The Silala River located in the Atacama Desert, the driest in the world, flows from Bolivia to Chile. It provides water supply which is vital to the mining industry and the livelihood of the people.
In 2016 of March, Chile and Bolivia ended up in a conflict due to the water supply and Chile decided to surrender the case to the United Nations last July 2016.Chile’s natural resources primarily come from the industries of mining, forestry, fishing, agriculture, and groundwater usage. A paramount economic sector of Chile is mining because its contribution in the country’s GDP is massive. The primary export markets of Chile’s aquaculture industry are the United States, Japan, and the European Union while the United States, the European Union, China, Japan, and South Korea are Chile’s biggest markets for agricultural products and mining supplies.
The communication and flow of traffic are affected by the shape of and physical barriers in Chile, but ports serve as another entry point for trade to be effective; one of which is the port of Valparaíso. Additionally, the ports of Antofagasta and Arica transacts with Bolivia, the port of San Antonio exports agricultural supplies and copper, and the ports of Chañaral, Huasco, Guayacán, and Tocopilla ships minerals.