CAR order artificial receptors called them Chimeric Antigen Receptor

CAR T- CELL THERAPHY:Definition:Car-T cell is the type of treatment in which a  patient’s T cells which are besically a type of immune system cells that  are changed in the labo,  so they will often attack cancer cells. While The  T cells are observe from a patient’s blood. Then the gene for a special receptor that attach to a specific  protein on the patient’s cancer cells is added in the lab. Here  The special receptor is known   then a chimeric antigen receptor which is also known as CAR. One thing about CAR T cells that known  numbers of the CAR T cells are grown in the laboratory and given to the patient by infusion.

CAR T-cell therapy is being studied in the treatment of some types of cancer. It is  Also  said to be  chimeric antigen receptor T-cell therapy. How Car T Theraphy Works:The immune system defence  our body against the disease wheres T cells target that defective cell and abnormal cells.  Now Scientist genetically engineered patient own  T cells to make them Smarter and stronger for destroying cancerOne version is Called Car t cell  Theraphy . While  The  T cell customize  the zero vein on patient specific kind of cancer . but it will start to the situation  when the  patient blood filter to a machine separate T cells and other white blood cells from the rest of all. Scientist mix the All Collective T cells with the Virus that has been disable. Instead that Virus  carries genetic instruction for the T cells to grow in order artificial receptors called them Chimeric Antigen  Receptor also called CAR.

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Which will tracking cancer target While Million of Car T cells  grows in the laboratory and give  back to the patient interveniously.  The first called t cell are being tested against type of Leukemia and lymphoma they bear a marker or antigen named as cd19 Antigen. Once in the blood stream those Car T cell those Chemric Antigen are Grab hold, they will release toxic chemicals  that trigger a cancers cell die.  So As One Cancers Cell die involved to the next, multiplying into the patient blood and no need longer.ADVANTAGES: Advantages of  CAR- T cells theraphy are discussed as bellow:1. MHC independent.

2. Overcome MHC molecule down regulation.3. Production of large no of tumor specific cells in a moderately short period  of time.